Good Jobs First is a national policy resource center for grassroots groups and public officials, promoting corporate and government accountability in economic development and smart growth for working families. We provide timely, accurate information on best practices in state and local job subsidies, and on the many ties between smart growth and good jobs. Good Jobs First works with a very broad spectrum of organizations, providing research, training, communications and consulting assistance.
Good Jobs First
1616 P Street NW Suite 210
Washington, DC 20036
The Corporate Research Project assists community, environmental and labor organizations in researching and analyzing companies and industries. The Project is designed to be a resource to aid activism. Consequently, our focus is on strategic research, i.e., identifying the information activists can use as leverage to get business to behave in a socially responsible manner
Good Jobs New York, our partnership project with the Fiscal Policy Institute,promotes policies that hold government officials and corporations accountable to taxpayers, particularly when economic development agencies give expensive subsidies to large corporations that threaten to leave New York City. Since its creation in 1999, GJNY increased transparency and public participation in numerous corporate retention deals and scrutinized mega-development projects such as the rebuilding of the World Trade Center site after the attacks of September 11, 2001 and new stadiums for the New York Yankees and Mets.
Greg LeRoy, Executive Director
Philip Mattera, Research Director and the Director of the Corporate Research Project
Tommy Cafcas, Research Analyst
Carolyn Fryberger, Research Analyst
Kasia Tarczynska, Research Analyst
Elizabeth Bird, Project Coordinator at Good Jobs New York
More about the Staff of Good Jobs First and its affiliates (listed in alphabetical order)
(e-mail addresses are listed with (at) instead of @ to thwart spamming)
Elizabeth joined Good Jobs New York with a background in urban sustainability and has provided research support to both non-profit community organizations and local government agencies in New York City. She has a Masters in Urban Planning from the Pratt Institute.
Thomas joined Good Jobs First after working as an economic development consultant analyzing demographic and economic trends for community plans primarily in Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. He has also worked in land use planning and zoning in Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, and Texas. He holds a Bachelors and Masters in Urban and Regional Planning from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Carolyn Fryberger holds a Master's degree in City and Regional Planning from UNC Chapel Hill with a specialization in Economic Development. Her professional experience includes research on entrepreneurial firms in the Research Triangle, economic impact analysis of public investments and private development, and financial analysis of swine waste to energy projects in eastern NC.
Dubbed “the leading national watchdog of state and local economic development subsidies” and “God’s witness to corporate welfare,” Greg founded Good Jobs First in 1998 upon winning the Public Interest Pioneer Award. He has been training and consulting for state and local governments, associations of public officials, labor-management committees, unions, community groups, tax and budget watchdogs, environmentalists, and smart growth advocates more than 30 years.
Greg backed into subsidy reform accidentally, while creating a national consulting practice against plant closings from Chicago from the early 1980s through the mid-1990s. He is associate producer of the 1984 PBS documentary The Last Pullman Car and consulted for state agencies in Illinois, New York, and Washington State. His 1986 Early Warning Manual Against Plant Closings (upon which he trained all 50 states’ Dislocated Worker Units under contract to the U.S. Department of Labor) and his 1989 study “Intervening With Aging Owners to Save Industrial Jobs” (the first study to quantify the risk of job loss due to a lack of succession planning) set precedents that guided many public agencies and non-profits.
Numerous plant closings he worked on involved abuse of economic development subsidies; factories that had received past incentives were now being shuttered. Usually, the fine print revealed that such abuses were technically legal; those revelations lead to public outrage and the enactment of clawbacks and other safeguards to prevent future waste. Sometimes there was a basis for legal challenge: in 1987, Greg wrote a study that triggered the City of Duluth’s successful lawsuit against Triangle Corporation; the nationally-reported verdict arrested the closure of that city’s largest factory, Diamond Tool, based on an Industrial Revenue Bond contract. Between 1990 and 1992, he assisted the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers in Elkhart, Indiana in their multiple-abuse lawsuit against American Home Products that settled for $24 million on the eve of trial.
Collecting the reforms prompted by these revelations (clawbacks, disclosure, job quality standards, etc.), Greg wrote No More Candy Store: States and Cities Making Job Subsidies Accountable in 1994. It was lauded by the International Economic Development Council as “very impressive research” and reviewed by the National Conference of State Legislatures a “famous polemic that contends that subsidies for economic development are mere corporate giveaways, and that calls for greater accountability and public restraint.”
Founding Good Jobs First in Washington, DC in 1998, partnering with the Fiscal Policy Institute to launch Good Jobs New York in 2000, and welcoming the Corporate Research Project in 2001, Greg has built a full-service resource center for constituency-based organizations and public officials seeking to reform economic development. Since its first report in 1999, Good Jobs First has issued more than 100 studies, setting a long string of influential research precedents about economic development subsidies.
Good Jobs First’s 50-states-plus-DC “report card” studies, such as “Show Us the Subsidized Jobs,” have made it de facto the arbiter of best state and local practice in transparency (disclosing deal-specific costs and benefits online). It is also the go-to source on best practices for job creation and job quality standards, and for enforcement including “clawbacks,” or recapture safeguards. Led by research director Phil Mattera, Good Jobs First research analysts Leigh McIlvaine, Tommy Cafcas and Kasia Tarczynska monitor subsidy news in all 50 states and provide front-line technical assistance.
In response to GJF’s 2003 study, A Better Deal for Illinois, that state enacted the nation’s best subsidy disclosure system. In 2005, New York City enacted the best local disclosure ordinance in the nation (enhanced in 2010) after repeated agitations by Good Jobs New York’s Bettina Damiani with the NYC Industrial Development Agency.
Greg’s 2005 book The Great American Jobs Scam: Corporate Tax Dodging and the Myth of Job Creation (Berrett-Koehler Publishers) was widely reviewed by daily newspapers, specialty tax and development publications, C-Span’s Book TV, The New York Review of Books, Publishers Weekly and Library Journal. Business Week called it a “powerful compendium of corporate tax dodging in the U.S.” and State Tax Notes wrote: “meticulously documented ...scrupulously accurate ...evocative storytelling...”
Greg was interviewed on MSNBC about several Good Jobs First studies in early 2014.
Greg was interviewed by Strengthening Brand America about Good Jobs First’s assistance to public officials in 2013.
Greg’s advice to the 2012 presidential election winner on how to curb the economic war among the states appeared in the American Planning Association’s Planning magazine reprinted here.
“Jobs Scam” was the first to expose Cabela’s aggressive seeking of subsidies for its “destination retail” megastores; Greg expanded on the issue in Multinational Monitor.
Greg explained his idea for attaching “green strings” to economic development subsidies (instead of larding on new giveaways) in a Grist magazine article.
He has book chapters in Building Health Communities: A Guide to Community Economic Development for Advocates, Lawyers, and Policymakers (American Bar Association, 2009) and Breakthrough Communities: Sustainability and Justice in the Next American Metropolis (MIT Press, 2009).
Greg summarizes the job-creation benefits of smart growth for working families in this article in Urban Habitat’s Race, Poverty and the Environment entitled “Public Transit and Urban Density Create More Good Jobs.”
Greg has spoken or trained for meetings of such diverse organizations as (alphabetically): AFL-CIO, Blue-Green Alliance, Business Alliance for Local Living Economies, Center for State Innovation, Center for Transportation Excellence, Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Council of Development Finance Agencies, Economic Policy Institute, Gamaliel Foundation, International Economic Development Council, Investigative Reporters and Editors, National Conference of State Legislatures, National League of Cities, Netroots Nation, Local Government Commission/New Partners for Smart Growth, Rail~Volution, the Sierra Club, and many scores of state and local government bodies, constituency-based, non-profit and academic organizations.
Research Director of Good Jobs First and Director of the Corporate Research Project
Phil has been doing strategic corporate research for labor, environmental, public-interest and other activist groups around the country for more than two decades. Before that he spent a decade as a business journalist. He is a licensed private investigator; author of four books on business, labor and economics; and a long-time member of the National Writers Union (UAW Local 1981). His blog on corporate research and corporate misbehavior is the Dirt Diggers Digest. He has written more than 60 critical company profiles for the Corporate Rap Sheets section of the the Corporate Research Project website.
Research Analyst at Good Jobs First
Learn more about subsidy practices and controversial deals in this resource covering each of the 50 states and Washington, DC.