Amazon Tracker

 Amazon Tracker

Subsidies Awarded to Amazon: at least $2,692,000,000… and Counting!

This web page tallies state and local economic development subsidy deals given to Amazon.com, Inc. for its warehouses, data centers, and film productions, and to its subsidiaries such as Whole Foods Supermarket, Zappos and Audible. For each subsidized project, we include: year awarded, state and city or county, estimated subsidy cost and the type of facility.

Since our exposé, we have encountered greater secrecy surrounding tax-break packages awarded to Amazon. This sometimes makes calculating such costs difficult. Secret project names, non-disclosure agreements, and a reluctance by public officials to fully disclose costs -- even after a deal has been awarded -- suggests Amazon and public officials know these deals have become controversial.

We will continue to publish on Amazon, as have many other retailers, especially as the drama plays out for its second headquarters, or "HQ2" tax-break auction.

Last update: June, 2019

    

 Subsidy   Year  City and/or County  State  Subsidy Amount  Activity
 2019  Rossford  Ohio  Undisclosed amounts via Enterprise Zone and TIF  Distribution center
 2019  North Andover  Massachusetts  $4,700,000 in infrastructure improvements, possible state tax subsidies  Distribution center
 2019  Milwaukee County  Wisconsin  $7,500,000  Distribution center
 2019  Nashville  Tennessee  $17,500,000 (city subsidy only)  Offices
 2019  Arlington County

 Virginia

 $51,000,000 (local subsidy only; TOT grant and TIF estimates)  Offices (HQ2)
 2019  Oklahoma City  Oklahoma  $1,700,000  Distribution center
 2019  Arlington County  Virginia  $750,000,000 (state subsidy only)  Offices (HQ2)

 2018

 Kern County  California  $3,000,000  Distribution center
 2018  Greenwood  Indiana  $7,000,000 in property tax abatement. In addition, the land is in a TIF.   Distribution center
 2018

 Gerner, Wake County

 North Carolina

 $5,100,000 and brownfield property tax abatemenet

 Distribution center
 2018  Gaines Township  Michigan  $4,000,000 from the state, plus 50% property tax abatement (unknown value)  Distribution center
 2018  Schodack,   Rensselaer County  New York  $13,700,000  Distribution center
 2018  Charlotte  North Carolina  $13,400,000  Distribution center
 2018  Bessemer, Jefferson   County  Alabama  $51,000,000, plus property tax abatement (unknown value)  Distribution center
 2018  Tulsa  Oklahoma  $2,300,000  Distribution center
 2018  Oklahoma City (Will   Rogers World Airport)  Oklahoma  $1,700,000  Distribution center/ airport hub
 2018  West Jefferson,         Madison County  Ohio  $1,500,000 from the state, property tax abatement (unknown value)  Distribution center
 2018  Boston  Massachusetts  $30,000,000  Regional headquarters
 2018  Salt Lake City  Utah  $5,600,000  Distribution center
 2018  Thorton  Colorado  $3,700,000  Distribution center
 2018  Dundalk  Maryland  $16,200,000  Distribution center
 2018  unspecified  Ohio  discount on electricity for a data center, value unknown  Distribution center
 2018  St. Peters  Missuri  $78,600,000  Distribution center
 2017  Seattle  Washington  $55,938,611 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral  Offices (HQ)
 2017  NYC, Manhattan  New York  $20,000,000  Offices
 2017  Hermison  Oregon  $176,000,000  Data center
 2017  Macon-Bibb County  Georgia  $2,500,000 state and county; property tax abatement (unknown value)  Distribution center
 2017  Memphis  Tennessee  $18,200,000  Distribution center
 2017  Shelby Township, Macomb County  Michigan  $15,000,000  Distribution center
 2017  Cabarrus County  North Carolina  $3,324,700  Distribution center
 2017  NYC, Staten Island  New York  $18,000,000  Distribution center
 2017  Katy  Texas  20-year 50% tax rebate, value unknown  Distribution center
 2017  Troutdale  Oregon  $9,600,000  Distribution center
 2017  North Haven  Connecticut  $25,000,000  Distribution center
 2017  Orange County  Florida  possible state subsidies, value unknown  Distribution center
 2017  Monroe  Ohio  $3,800,000 (state tax credits only; local subsidies unknown)  Distribution center
 2017  North Randall  Ohio   $7,800,000 (state tax credits only; local subsidies unknown)  Distribution center
 2017  Salem  Oregon  $3,600,000  Distribution center
 2017  Hazelwood  Missouri  $32,000,000  Distribution center
 2017  Cecil County/North East  Maryland  $7,100,000  Distribution center
 2017  Livonia  Michigan  $7,500,000  Distribution center
 2017  Romulus  Michigan  $18,500,000  Distribution center
 2017  Aurora  Colorado  $1,180,000  Distribution center
 2017  Jacksonville  Florida  $7,875,000  Distribution center
 2017  Hebron/ Boone County; at CVG airport  Kentucky   $75,000,000  Distribution center
 2017  Coppell  Texas  Secret  Distribution center
 2017  Clear Brook  Virginia  Secret  Distribution center
 2017  Unspecified  California  $4,000,000  Amazon Studios
 2017  Unspecified  California  $1,091,000  Amazon Studios
 2017  Mobile  Alabama  $1,300,000  Distribution center
 2017  Wyadotte County/ Kansas City  Kansas  $20,002,522  Distribution center
 2016  Seattle  Washington  $54,111,683 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral

 Offices (HQ)

 2016  Unspecified  California  $5,222,000  Amazon Studios
 2016  Kenosha  Wisconsin  $435,500  Distribution center
 2016  Fresno  California  $30,000,000  Distribution center
 2016  Morrow County  Oregon  $12,630,574  Data center
 2016  Umatilla County  Oregon  $2,975,370  Data center
 2016  Multiple facilities  California  $1,750,000  Distribution center
 2016  Jacksonville  Florida  $13,400,000  Distribution center
 2016  Braselton  Georgia  $504,023  Distribution center
 2016  Multiple facilities  Illinois  $83,125,187  Distribution center
 2016  Edgerton  Kansas  $1,800,000  Distribution center
 2016  North Las Vegas  Nevada  $1,800,000  Distribution center
 2016  Twinsburg  Ohio  $270,000  Distribution center
 2016  Pennsylvania  Pennsylvania  $22,250,000  Distribution center
 2016  Davidson County  Tennessee  $45,000  Distribution center
 2016  Harris County  Texas  $7,000,000  Distribution center
 2016  Milwaukee  Wisconsin   $10,300,000  Distribution center
 2016  Braselton  Georgia  $737,180  Distribution center
 2016  Portland  Maine  $48,095  Whole Foods supermarket
 2015  Seattle  Washington  $44,438,237 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral  Offices (HQ)
 2015  Umatilla County  Oregon  $2,975,317  Data center
 2015  Morrow County  Oregon  $5,419,771  Distribution center
 2015  Windsor  Connecticut  $3,900,000  Distribution center
 2015  Baltimore  Maryland  $45,125,000  Distribution center
 2015  Fall River/ Freetown  Massachusetts  $14,889,275  Distribution center
 2015  Shakopee  Minnesota  $5,766,414  Distribution center
 2015  Reno/ Washoe County  Nevada  $572,500  Distribution center
 2015  Reno/ Washoe County  Nevada  $408,100  Distribution center
 2015  Reno/ Washoe County  Nevada  $384,200  Distribution center
 2015  Reno/ Washoe County  Nevada  $75,000  Distribution center
 2015  Newark  New Jersey  $39,375,000  Audible
 2015  NYC, Manhattan  New York  $5,000,000  Offices
 2015  Licking County/ Etna and Obetz  Ohio  $17,543,000  Distribution center
 2015  Dallas County  Texas  Secret  Distribution center
 2015  San Marcos  Texas  $11,000,000  Distribution center
 2015  not available  Washington   $5,554,780  Distribution center
 2015  Warrenton  Virginia  $2,700,000  Distribution center
 2015  Portland  Maine  $35,827  Whole Foods supermarket
 2015  NYC, Brooklyn  New York  $350,000  Whole Foods supermarket
 2014  Seattle  Washington  $31,034,362 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral  Offices (HQ)
 2014  NYC, Brooklyn  New York  $2,000,000  Fashion studio
 2014  Kenosha  Wisconsin  $5,500,000  Distribution center
 2014  Moreno Valley, Tracy, Newark & San Bernardino  California  $1,575,000  Distribution center
 2014  Davenport  Florida  $840,710  Distribution center
 2014  Hillsborough County  Florida  $900,000  Distribution center
 2014  Lakeland  Florida  $4,500,000  Distribution center
 2014  Miami  Florida  $6,200,000  Distribution center
 2014  Polk County  Florida  $595,200  Distribution center
 2014  Polk County  Florida  $240,000  Distribution center
 2014  Stoughton  Massachusetts  $3,490,000  Distribution center
 2014  Franklin County  Ohio  $4,011,698  Data center
 2014  Multiple facilities  Ohio  $93,700,000  Data center
 2014  Bradley County  Tennessee  Secret  Distribution center
 2014  Chattanooga  Tennessee  $313,538  Distribution center
 2014  Lebanon  Tennessee  $75,924  Distribution center
 2014  Murfreesboro  Tennessee  $506,160  Distribution center
 2014  Wilson County  Tennessee  Secret  Distribution center
 2014  Dallas  Texas  $500,000  Distribution center
 2014  Not available  Virginia  $2,331,839  Distribution center
 2014  Not available  Virginia  $863,460  Distribution center
 2014  Not available  Virginia  $500,000  Distribution center
 2014  Not available  Washington  $3,879,325  Distribution center
 2014  Portland  Maine  $36,869  Whole Foods supermarket
 2014  New Orleans  Louisiana  $375,000  Whole Foods supermarket
 2013  Seattle  Washington  $35,602,362 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral  Offices (HQ)
 2013  Boone County  Kentucky  $25,000  Distribution center
 2013  Bullitt County  Kentucky  $50,000  Zappos distribution center
 2013  Fayette County  Kentucky  $50,000  Distribution center
 2013  Jefferson county  Kentucky  $18,000  Distribution center
 2013  Taylor County  Kentucky  $132,000  Distribution center
 2013  Lexington County  South Carolina  Secret  Distribution center
 2013  Spartanburg County  South Carolina  $47,962  Distribution center
 2013  Bradley County  Tennessee  $102,500  Distribution center
 2013  Hamilton County  Tennessee  $599,500  Distribution center
 2013  Not available   Washington  $4,450,295  Distribution center
 2013  Kenosha  Wisconsin  $10,300,000  Distribution center
 2013  Kenosha  Wisconsin  $17,000,000  Distribution center
 2013  Portland  Maine  $46,248  Whole Foods supermarket
 2012  Seattle  Washington  $2,805,291 via state High Technology Sales & Use Tax Deferral   Offices (HQ)
 2012  Jeffersonville  Indiana  $1,000,000 (state grant EDGE)  Distribution center
 2012  Jeffersonville  Indiana  $1,000,000 (state grant Hoosier)  Distribution center
 2012  Jeffersonville  Indiana  $300,000  Distribution center
 2012  Boone County  Kentucky  $100,000  Distribution center
 2012  Boone County  Kentucky  $25,000  Distribution center
 2012  Boone County  Kentucky  $25,000  Distribution center
 2012  Boone County  Kentucky  $25,000  Distribution center
 2012  Bullitt County  Kentucky  $100,000  Zappos distribution center
 2012  Bullitt County  Kentucky  $50,000  Zappos distribution center
 2012  Bullitt County  Kentucky  $25,188  Zappos distribution center
 2012  Fayette County  Kentucky  $27,788  Distribution center
 2012  Taylor County   Kentucky  $50,000  Distribution center
 2012  Spartanburg County  South Carolina  $750,000  Distribution center
 2012  Lebanon  Tennessee  $3,500,000  Distribution center
 2012  Murfreesboro  Tennessee  $3,500,000  Distribution center
 2012  Coppell  Texas  Secret   Distribution center
 2012  Statewide  Texas  $269,000,000  Sales tax forgiveness in exchange for job creation commitment (details here)
 2012  Chesterfield County  Virginia  $1,000,000  Distribution center
 2012  Dinwiddie County  Virginia  $2,500,000  Distribution center
 2012  Not available  Virginia  $850,000  Distribution center
 2012  Portland  Maine  $60,765  Whole Foods supermarket
 2011  New Castle County  Delaware  $3,472,500  Distribution center
 2011  Whitestown  Indiana  $150,000  Distribution center
 2011  Cayce  South Carolina  $61,000,000  Distribution center
 2011  Portland  Maine  $53,405  Whole Foods supermarket
 2010  Plainfield  Indiana  $149,500  Distribution center
 2010  Whitestown  Indiana  $200,000  Distribution center
 2010  Lexington County  South Carolina  $2,500,000  Distribution center
 2010  Portland  Mine  $90,142  Whole Foods supermarket
 2009  Plainfield  Indiana  $1,650,000  Distribution center
 2009  Whitestown  Indiana  $5,000,000  Distribution center
 2009  Portland  Maine  $32,672  Whole Foods supermarket
 2008  Maricopa County/ Phoenix  Arizona  $4,000,000  Distribution center
 2008  Phoenix  Arizona  $739,671  Distribution center
 2008  New Orleans  Louisiana  $122,000  Whole Foods supermarket
 2007  Bullitt County  Kentucky  $199,500  Zappos distribution center
 2006  Hebron  Kentucky  $800,000  Distribution center
 2006  Hebron  Kentucky  $750,000  Distribution center
 2005  Shepherdsville  Kentucky  $6,800,000  Distribution center
 2002  New Orleans  Louisiana  $70,587  Whole Foods supermarket
 2000  Campbellsville  Kentucky  $19,037,500  Distribution center
 2000  Lexington  Kentucky  $8,500,000  Distribution center
TOTAL

 At least $2,692,229,223