Amazon Tracker

Amazon Tracker

Subsidies Awarded to Amazon: at least $1,603,000,000… and Counting!

This web page tallies state and local economic development subsidy deals given to Amazon.com, Inc. for its warehouses, data centers, and film productions, and to its subsidiaries such as Whole Foods Supermarket, Zappos and Audible. For each subsidized project, we include: year awarded, state and city or county, estimated subsidy cost and the type of facility.

Since our exposé, we have encountered greater secrecy surrounding tax-break packages awarded to Amazon. This sometimes makes calculating such costs difficult. Secret project names, non-disclosure agreements, and a reluctance by public officials to fully disclose costs -- even after a deal has been awarded -- suggests Amazon and public officials know these deals have become controversial.

We will continue to publish on Amazon, as have many other retailers, especially as the drama plays out for its second headquarters, or "HQ2" tax-break auction.

 

Subsidy Year

City and/or County

State

Subsidy Amount

Activity

2018 Garner in Wake County North Carolina $5,100,000 plus Brownfield property tax  abatements distribution facility

2018

Gaines Township

Michigan

$4,000,000 from the state  plus unknown value of 50% property tax abatements

distribution facility

2018

Schodack in Rensselaer County

New York

$13,700,000

distribution facility

2018

Charlotte

North Carolina

$13,400,000

distribution facility

2018

Bessemer in Jefferson County

Alabama

$51,000,000 plus unspecified amount in local occupational tax incentives

distribution facility

2018

Tulsa

Oklahoma

$2,300,000

distribution facility

2018

Oklahoma City (Will Rogers World Airport)

Oklahoma

$1,700,000

distribution facility/airport hub

2018

West Jefferson, Madison County

Ohio

$1,500,000 from the state plus unknown amount of property tax abatement

distribution facility

2018

Boston

Massachusetts

$30,000,000

regional headquarters

2018

Salt Lake City

Utah

$5,600,000

distribution facility

2018

Thornton

Colorado

$3,700,000

distribution facility

2018

Dundalk

Maryland

$16,200,000

distribution facility

2018

unspecified

Ohio

unspecified discount on electricity for data center

distribution facility

2018

St. Peters

Missouri

$78,600,000

distribution facility

2017

Hermiston

Oregon

$176,000,000

data center

2017

Macon-Bibb County

Georgia

$2,500,000 from the state and the county plus unknown value of property tax abatements

distribution facility

2017

Memphis

Tennessee

$18,200,000

distribution facility

2017

Shelby Township In Macomb County

Michigan

$15,000,000

distribution facility

2017

Cabarrus County

North Carolina

$3,324,700

distribution facility

2017

New York City Region

New York

$18,000,000

distribution facility

2017

Katy

Texas

Secret: 20-year 50% rebate

distribution facility

2017

Troutdale

Oregon

$9,600,000

distribution facility

2017

North Haven

Connecticut

$25,000,000

distribution facility

2017

Orange County

Florida

$0 from the locality; state subsidies possible

distribution facility

2017

Monroe

Ohio

$3,800,000 (state tax credits only; local subsidy unknown)

distribution facility

2017

North Randall

Ohio

$7,800,000 (state tax credits only; local subsidy unknown)

distribution facility

2017

Salem

Oregon

$3,600,000

distribution facility

2017

Hazelwood

Missouri

$32,000,000

distribution facility

2017

Cecil County/North East

Maryland

$7,100,000

distribution facility

2017

Livonia

Michigan

$7,500,000

distribution facility

2017

Romulus

Michigan

$18,500,000

distribution facility

2017

Aurora

Colorado

$1,180,000

distribution facility

2017

Jacksonville

Florida

$7,875,000

distribution facility

2017

Hebron/Boone County; at CVG Airport

Kentucky

$75,000,000

distribution facility

2017

Coppell

Texas

Secret

distribution facility

2017

Katy

Texas

Secret

distribution facility

2017

Clear Brook

Virginia

Secret

distribution facility

2017

Unspecified

California

$4,000,000

Amazon Studios

2017

Unspecified

California

$1,091,000

Amazon Studios

2017

Mobile

Alabama

$1,300,000

distribution facility

2017

Wyadotte County/Kansas City

Kansas

$20,002,522

distribution facility

2016

Unspecified

California

$5,222,000

Amazon Studios

2016

Kenosha

Wisconsin

$435,500

distribution facility

2016

Fresno

California

$30,000,000

distribution facility

2016

Morrow County

Oregon

$12,630,574

data center

2016

Umatilla County

Oregon

$2,975,370

data center

2016

Multiple Facilities

California

$1,750,000

distribution facility

2016

Jacksonville

Florida

$13,400,000

distribution facility

2016

Braselton

Georgia

$504,023

distribution facility

2016

Multiple Facilities

Illinois

$83,125,187

distribution facility

2016

Edgerton

Kansas

$1,800,000

distribution facility

2016

North Las Vegas

Nevada

$1,800,000

distribution facility

2016

Twinsburg

Ohio

$270,000

distribution facility

2016

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

$22,250,000

distribution facility

2016

Davidson County

Tennessee

$45,000

distribution facility

2016

Davidson County

Tennessee

$45,000

distribution facility

2016

Harris County

Texas

$7,000,000

distribution facility

2016

Milwaukee

Wisconsin

$10,300,000

distribution facility

2016

Braselton

Georgia

737,180

distribution facility

2016

Portland

Maine

48095

Whole Foods supermarket

2015

Umatilla County

Oregon

$2,975,317

data center

2015

Morrow County

Oregon

$5,419,771

distribution facility

2015

Windsor

Connecticut

$3,900,000

distribution facility

2015

Baltimore

Maryland

$45,125,000

distribution facility

2015

Fall River/Freetown

Massachusetts

$14,889,275

distribution facility

2015

Shakopee

Minnesota

$5,766,414

distribution facility

2015

Reno/Washoe County

Nevada

$572,500

distribution facility

2015

Reno/Washoe County

Nevada

$408,100

distribution facility

2015

Reno/Washoe County

Nevada

$384,200

distribution facility

2015

Reno/Washoe County

Nevada

$75,000

distribution facility

2015

Newark

New Jersey

$39,375,000

Audible

2015

Not Available

New York

$5,000,000

distribution facility

2015

Licking County/Etna and Obetz

Ohio

$17,543,000

distribution facility

2015

Dallas County

Texas

Secret

distribution facility

2015

San Marcos

Texas

$11,000,000

distribution facility

2015

Not Available

Washington

$5,554,780

distribution facility

2015

Warrenton

Virginia

$2,700,000

distribution facility

2015

Portland

Maine

35827

Whole Foods supermarket

2015

Brooklyn, NYC

New York

350,000

Whole Foods supermarket

2014

Kenosha

Wisconsin

$5,500,000

distribution facility

2014

Moreno Valley, Tracy, Newark, & San Bernardino

California

$1,575,000

distribution facility

2014

Davenport

Florida

$840,710

distribution facility

2014

Hillsborough County

Florida

$900,000

distribution facility

2014

Lakeland

Florida

$4,500,000

distribution facility

2014

Miami

Florida

$6,200,000

distribution facility

2014

Polk County

Florida

$595,200

distribution facility

2014

Polk County

Florida

$240,000

distribution facility

2014

Stoughton

Massachusetts

$3,490,000

distribution facility

2014

Franklin County

Ohio

$4,011,698

data center

2014

Multiple Facilities

Ohio

$93,700,000

data center

2014

Bradley County

Tennessee

Secret

distribution facility

2014

Bradley County

Tennessee

Secret

distribution facility

2014

Chattanooga

Tennessee

$313,538

distribution facility

2014

Lebanon

Tennessee

$75,924

distribution facility

2014

Murfreesboro

Tennessee

$506,160

distribution facility

2014

Wilson County

Tennessee

Secret

distribution facility

2014

Dallas

Texas

$500,000

distribution facility

2014

Not Available

Virginia

$2,331,839

distribution facility

2014

Not Available

Virginia

$863,460

distribution facility

2014

Not Available

Virginia

$500,000

distribution facility

2014

Not Available

Washington

$3,879,325

distribution facility

2014

Portland

Maine

36869

Whole Foods supermarket

2014

New Orleans

Louisiana

375000

Whole Foods supermarket

2013

Boone County

Kentucky

$25,000

distribution facility

2013

Bullitt County

Kentucky

$50,000

Zappos distribution center

2013

Fayette County

Kentucky

$50,000

distribution facility

2013

Jefferson County

Kentucky

$18,000

distribution facility

2013

Taylor County

Kentucky

$132,000

distribution facility

2013

Lexington County

South Carolina

Secret

distribution facility

2013

Spartanburg County

South Carolina

$47,962

distribution facility

2013

Bradley County

Tennessee

$102,500

distribution facility

2013

Hamilton County

Tennessee

$599,500

distribution facility

2013

Not Available

Washington

$4,450,295

distribution facility

2013

Kenosha

Wisconsin

$10,300,000

distribution facility

2013

Kenosha

Wisconsin

$17,000,000

distribution facility

2013

Portland

Maine

46248

Whole Foods supermarket

2012

Jeffersonville

Indiana

$1,000,000

distribution facility

2012

Jeffersonville

Indiana

$1,000,000

distribution facility

2012

Jeffersonville

Indiana

$300,000

distribution facility

2012

Boone County

Kentucky

$100,000

distribution facility

2012

Boone County

Kentucky

$25,000

distribution facility

2012

Boone County

Kentucky

$25,000

distribution facility

2012

Boone County

Kentucky

$25,000

distribution facility

2012

Bullitt County

Kentucky

$100,000

Zappos distribution center

2012

Bullitt County

Kentucky

$50,000

Zappos distribution center

2012

Bullitt County

Kentucky

$25,188

Zappos distribution center

2012

Fayette County

Kentucky

$27,788

distribution facility

2012

Taylor County

Kentucky

$50,000

distribution facility

2012

Spartanburg County

South Carolina

$750,000

distribution facility

2012

Lebanon

Tennessee

$3,500,000

distribution facility

2012

Murfreesboro

Tennessee

$3,500,000

distribution facility

2012

Coppell

Texas

Secret

distribution facility

2012

Statewide

Texas

$269,000,000

distribution facility

2012

Chesterfield County

Virginia

$1,000,000

distribution facility

2012

Dinwiddie County

Virginia

$2,500,000

distribution facility

2012

Not Available

Virginia

$850,000

distribution facility

2012

Statewide

Washington

$350,661

distribution facility

2012

Portland

Maine

60765

Whole Foods supermarket

2011

New Castle County

Delaware

$3,472,500

distribution facility

2011

Whitestown

Indiana

$150,000

distribution facility

2011

Cayce

South Carolina

$61,000,000

distribution facility

2011

Portland

Maine

53405

Whole Foods supermarket

2010

Plainfield

Indiana

$149,500

distribution facility

2010

Whitestown

Indiana

$200,000

distribution facility

2010

Lexington County

South Carolina

$2,500,000

distribution facility

2010

Portland

Maine

90142

Whole Foods supermarket

2009

Plainfield

Indiana

$1,650,000

distribution facility

2009

Whitestown

Indiana

$5,000,000

distribution facility

2009

Portland

Maine

32672

Whole Foods supermarket

2008

Maricopa County/Pheonix

Arizona

$4,000,000

distribution facility

2008

Phoenix

Arizona

$739,671

distribution facility

2008

New Orleans

Louisiana

122000

Whole Foods supermarket

2007

Bullitt County

Kentucky

$199,500

Zappos distribution center

2006

Hebron

Kentucky

$800,000

distribution facility

2006

Hebron

Kentucky

$750,000

distribution facility

2005

Shepherdsville

Kentucky

$6,800,000

distribution facility

2002

New Orleans

Louisiana

70587

Whole Foods supermarket

2000

Campbellsville

Kentucky

$19,037,500

distribution facility

2000

Lexington

Kentucky

$8,500,000

distribution facility

Total

At least  $1,603,898,442