Corporate Subsidy Watch

Corporate Subsidy Watch Overview

Good Jobs First is a leading monitor and critic of company-specific subsidy deals. We track which companies go most often to the public trough for assistance, and we critique egregious giveaways. In this section of the website, we profile of some of the leading over-users and abusers of economic development subsidies, including household names such as Boeing and Dell. We summarize their major deals and provide resources for additional information.

This section also contains profiles of some industries with heavy subsidy use; material relating to site location consultants, who prod public officials to offer large subsidy packages; and an overview of data relating to what we call hidden taxpayer costs. Here is an outline:


Megadeals and Subsidy Tracker

In June 2013 we released a report called Megadeals, which lists and analyzes every subsidy package worth at least $75 million we could find that had been awarded during the past three decades. The entries are also an enhancement to the official data used in our Subsidy Tracker database.

In February 2014 we unveiled Version 2.0 of Subsidy Tracker, which includes parent-subsidiary linkages for more than 25,000 entries representing 75 percent of the dollar value of the entire database. Using these linkages, we created parent summary pages for more than 900 large corporations. See the list of the Top 100 Parents based on the total value of the subsidies awarded to each company's various units and subsidiaries. The site also has State Summary Pages and a ranking of the Top States based on total cumulative subsidies awarded.

In March 2015 we released Version 3.0, which adds federal data for the first time, including 164,000 entries from 137 federal programs providing grants, allocated tax credits, loans, loan guarantees and bailout assistance. At the same time, we expanded our parent company coverage to more than 1,800 corporations.


Company Case Studies


Cabela’s and Bass Pro


Nordstrom (2005)

Sykes Enterprises (2005)


Wal-Mart: We have collected a particularly large quantity of information on Wal-Mart, which because of its size has probably been involved in more subsidy deals than any other U.S. company. This information is summarized in our 2004 report Shopping for Subsidies: How Wal-Mart Uses Taxpayer Money to Finance Its Never-Ending Growth and a special website called WAL-MART SUBSIDY WATCH. For an overview of Wal-Mart's various tax avoidance schemes, see our report Shfting the Burden for Vital Public Services.

  • See also the subsidy deal profiles on the Accountable USA state pages. An index of those profiles by company name can be found here.
  • And don't forget you can use Subsidy Tracker to search for data on subsidy awards from around the country.


Industry Case Studies

Biotechnology (2005)

Film Production

Foreign Auto Plants

Private Prisons (2005)

Professional Sports


Server Farms


Corporate Advocates

Site Location Consultants

Tax-Break Lobbyists



Hidden Taxpayer Costs

Company-Specific and Industry-Specific Subsidy Reports

Corporate Research Project