Sources for Deal Profiles


 ThyssenKrupp (2007)

Key Sources: Jacquetta White, “German Steel Firm Looking Away Down South,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, February 11, 2007; Brian Lyman, “House Passes Big Tax Break,” Mobile Register, April 27, 2007; Kim Chandler, “Record Incentives will Pay Off, Riley Says,” Birmingham News, May 12, 2007; Sebastian Kitchen and Dan Murtaugh, “Incentives to Steelmaker Break State Record,” Mobile Register, May 12, 2007; “Payment breakdown,” Mobile Register, May 15, 2007; Kaiji Wilkinson, “Port Authority Approves Bid for $50M in Terminal Bonds,” Mobile Register, June 25, 2008; Jeff Amy, “ThyssenKrupp to Start Production,” Mobile Register, July 18, 2010; Jeff Amy, "Incentives Pass $1B for ThyssenKrupp Plant," Mobile Register, April 28, 2011. Katherine Sayre, "ThyssenKrupp may sell Mobile mill," Birmingham News, May 16, 2012. Michael Finch II, “ThyssenKrupp no more, Calvert steel processing plant gets a new name after acquisition,”, February 28, 2014.

Mercedes-Benz (1993)

Key Sources: Helene Cooper and Glenn Ruffenbach, “Alabama’s Winning of Mercedes Plant Will Be Costly, With Major Tax Breaks,” Wall Street Journal, September 30, 1993; Jerry Underwood, “Some Fear Alabama Paid Too Dear a Dowry to Woo Plant,” Birmingham News, September 30, 1993; E.S. Browning and Helene Cooper,” Ante Up: States’ Bidding War Over Mercedes Plant Made for Costly Chase,” Wall Street Journal, November 24, 1993; Allen R. Myerson, “O Governor, Won’t You Buy Me a Mercedes Plant?” New York Times, September 1, 1996; Ted Pratt, “Will Vance Unionize?” Birmingham News, July 30, 1999; Jerry Underwood and Michel Tomberlin, “Consultant Hired to Fight UAW Drive at Mercedes,” Birmingham News, September 2, 1999; “Alabama Business Group Drops Campaign Fighting Efforts to Organize Mercedes Plant,” BNA Labor Relations Week, September 15, 1999; Lindsay Chappell, “Star Power Naysayers Scoffed at the Astronomical Incentives Package Used to Bring Mercedes to Alabama, But Who’s Laughing Now,” Birmingham News, August 27, 2000; Russell Hubbard, “Incentives’ Price Tag,” Birmingham News, August 29, 2000; Rick Brooks, “Buying Jobs: How Big Incentives Won Alabama a Piece of the Auto Industry,” Wall Street Journal, April 3, 2002; Roy L. Williams, “Machinists, UAW After Mercedes in Vance,” Birmingham News, April 23, 2006; Russell Hubbard, “Mercedes to Get New Tax Breaks,” Birmingham News, March 21, 2009; Dawn Kent, “Mercedes Bulks Up Its Body Shop,” Birmingham News, August 27, 2010; Dawn Kent, "Mercedes to Invest $2 Billion More in Vance," Birmingham News, July 21, 2011.

Honda (1999)

Key Sources: Michael Tomberlin and Ted Pratt, “State Wins Honda,” Birmingham News, May 5, 1999; Michael Tomberlin, Russell Hubbard and David White, “Honda Plant: $450 million,” Birmingham News, May 6, 1999; Jay Reeves, “Honda Gets $95 million Less in Incentives than Mercedes,” Associated Press, May 7, 1999; Ted Pratt and Roy Williams, “Union Targets Honda Workers,” Birmingham News, May 12, 1999; Patricia Dedrick, “Incentives for 2nd Honda Line Cost Less Per Job than Other Auto Projects,” Birmingham News, July 11, 2002; Roy L. Williams, “Honda Starts Plant Expansion,” Birmingham News, October 30, 2002; Roy L. Williams, “Honda to Pay Lincoln Workers $1.2 million, Change Uniform Rule,” Birmingham News, January 4, 2003; Mike Cason, “Honda in Lincoln: Five Years Later,” Birmingham News, May 6, 2004; Roy L. Williams, UAW Push Revs Up at Lincoln Auto Plant,” Birmingham News, August 16, 2007; Dawn Kent, “Honda to Slash Output in Lincoln,” Birmingham News, April 1, 2009; Dawn Kent, "Honda, Alabama Mark Decade of Production; More Jobs, Investment Coming to Lincoln," Birmingham News, November 15, 2011.

Hyundai auto assembly plant (2002)

Key Sources: Michael Tomberlin and Kim Chandler, “Hyundai Chooses Montgomery Site,” Birmingham News, April 2, 2002; Michael Tomberlin and Kristi Lamont Ellis, “Hyundai Incentives: $252.8 Million,” Birmingham News, April 5, 2002; Michael Tomberlin, “Hyundai in Alabama: Seoul Food and Southern Comfort,” Birmingham News, April 7, 2002; Katherine Bouma, “Hyundai Permit Certified by EPA,” Birmingham News, September 27, 2002; Mike Cason, “Unions Rally for Hyundai Jobs,” Montgomery Advertiser, November 18, 2003; Robert K. Gordon, “Jury Rules Against Hyundai,” Birmingham News, May 5, 2009; Cosby Woodruff, “Some Hyundai Workers Say Overtime is Excessive,” Montgomery Advertiser, May 9, 2010.



Alaska Seafood International (1997)

Key Sources: Helen Jung, “Seafood Project Under Way,” Anchorage Daily News, July 22, 1997; Helen Jung, “Seafood Plant in Homestretch,” Anchorage Daily News, April 11, 1998; Helen Jung, “State OKs Processing Plant Deal,” Anchorage Daily News, April 30, 1998; “State Approves Restructuring Plan for Struggling Seafood Processor,” Associated Press, October 25, 2000; Paula Dobbyn, “State Writes Down $91.3 Million in Investments,” Anchorage Daily News, November 20, 2002; Wesley Loy, “Subsidies Give ASI Unfair Edge,” Anchorage Daily News, June 26, 2003; Wesley Loy, “Troubled Seafood Plant Closes Doors,” Anchorage Daily News, October 1, 2003.

Healy Clean Coal Project (1989)

Key Sources: Tony Hopfinger, “Key Test at Healy Near End,” Anchorage Daily News, November 6, 1999; Tony Hopfinger, “A Healy Solution,” Anchorage Daily News, September 30, 2001; Paula Dobbyn, “State Writes Down $91.3 Million in Investments,” Anchorage Daily News, November 20, 2002; Wesley Loy, “State to Sell Off Healy Coal Plant,” Anchorage Daily News, January 15, 2009.



Intel (1994 and 2005)

Key Sources: Martha Reinke and Ed Taylor, “Intel Clear Lost of Plant Hurdles with Permits, Tax Breaks,” Scottsdale Progress, April 20, 1994; Jane Larson, “Intel Plan May Bring Chandler New Plant,” Arizona Republic, February 18, 2005; Paul Davenport, “States Eye Tax Breaks as Lure for Intel,” Associated Press, March 13, 2005; Stephanie Paterik and Edythe Jensen, “Intel Expansion ‘Great News,’” Arizona Republic, July 26, 2005; John Yantis, "Intel to Upgrade Plants in Arizona," Arizona Republic, October 20, 2010; Ryan Randazzo et al., "More Jobs Heading to Arizona," Arizona Republic, February 19, 2011.

CityNorth (2006)

Key Sources: Monica Alonzo-Dunsmoor, “$100 Mil in Tax Rebates Revealed for CityNorth,” Arizona Republic, February 22, 2007; Michael Clancy, “CityNorth Subsidy Challenged,” Arizona Republic, August 9, 2007; Casey Newton, “City Subsidy to Developer Gets Court OK,” Arizona Republic, April 3, 2008; Michael Clancy, “Phoenix’s CityNorth Deal Ruled Unlawful,” Arizona Republic, December 24, 2008; Michael Clancy, “Justices Allow CityNorth Tax Deal to Stand,” Arizona Republic, January 26, 2010; Michael Clancy, "Phoenix Wants Out of CityNorth," Arizona Republic, October 15, 2011. See also the material on the website of the Goldwater Institute at



LM Glasfiber (LM Wind Power) (2007)

Key Sources: Laura Stevens, “Windmill Blade Firms Sets Fall Building Start,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 19, 2007; David Smith, “Quick Work in Landing Wind-Blade Maker Noted,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, October 20, 2007; Seth Blomeley, “Governor’s Fund Pulls Jobs to State,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, November 4, 2007; David Smith, “About 630 on Payroll at Glasfiber,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, October 29, 2008; “Little Rock Approves Bonds for LM Glasfiber,” Associated Press, December 26, 2008; Matthew S.L. Cate, “Firms Gets 1,800-Blade Deal,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, December 18, 2009.

Welspun pipe plant (2007)

Key Sources: David Smith, “Producer of Pipes to Build LR Plant to Employ 250 Near City Port,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, June 22, 2007; David Smith, “It’s Official: LR Getting $100 Million Pipe Plant,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, July 1, 2007; David Smith, “Demand for Pipes to Benefit LR Plant,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, August 3, 2007; Kristin Netterstrom, “LR Annexes 800-Acre Steel-Pipe Plant Site,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, April 23, 2008; Alison Sider, “Welspun to Add 230 Jobs,” Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, May 4, 2010; Toby Manthey, "Welspun Pipe Firm Facing Fines, 2 Suits Over Safety Claims," Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, February 2, 2011; Toby Manthey, "LR Pipe Factory has 600 Workers," Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, June 21, 2011.



 Tesla electric car assembly plant (2008-2010)

Key Sources: Matt Nauman, “Governor Entices Tesla to Build Cars in Bay Area,” San Jose Mercury News, July 1, 2008; David R. Baker, “Tesla to Build Plant in San Jose to Make Its Electric Sedan,” San Francisco Chronicle, September 18, 2008; Ken Bensinger and Richard Verrier, “Downey Drives for Tesla,” Los Angeles Times, November 25, 2009; W.J. Hennigan, “Downey Council Opens Door to a Tesla Electric-Car Plant,” Los Angeles Times, November 26, 2009; Tom Abate and David R. Baker, “New Life for Nummi Plant,” San Francisco Chronicle, May 21, 2010; Patrick May, “Tesla to Pay $42 Million for NUMMI Plant,” San Jose Mercury News, May 28, 2010; David R. Baker, "Toyota, Tesla Agree Not to Make Rav4 in Fremont Plant." San Francisco Chronicle, August 6, 2011.

 San Diego Padres (1998)

Key Sources: Barry M. Bloom, “Padres Owner Favors Public Vote on Ballpark,” San Diego Union-Tribune, March 15, 1997; Tony Perry, “Hoping to Be a Hit with Voters,” Los Angeles Times, October 2, 1997; Tony Perry, “San Diego Deal to Build Baseball Park is Reached,” Los Angeles Times, July 15, 1998; Philip J. LaVelle, “Ballpark Approved Decisively,” San Diego Union-Tribune, November 4, 1998; Tony Perry, “Councilwoman in San Diego Pleads Guilty and Resigns,” Los Angeles Times, January 29, 2001; Tony Perry, “Stadium Foe Refuses to Play Ball with City,” Los Angeles Times, November 11, 2001.



Colorado Rockies (1990) and Denver Broncos (1998)

Key Sources:  Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Paul Hutchinson, “Coors Field Tab Up to $215.5 Million,” Denver Post, December 3, 1994; Paul Hutchinson, “Broncos Dream of Stadium,” Denver Post, January 3, 1995; Stuart Steers, “Bowlen for Dollars,” Denver Westword, December 20, 1995; Stuart Steers, “Keeping Score,” Denver Westword, July 16, 1998; Barry Botnick, “Invesco Wins Name Game,” Colorado Springs Gazette, January 30, 2001.

U.S. Olympic Committee (2009)

Key Sources: John Hazlehurst, “Colorado Springs in No Rush to Issue COPS to Pay for USOC Headquarters Project,” Colorado Springs Business Journal, March 6, 2009; Rob Larimer, “Colorado Springs Terminates Deal with LandCo, USOC,” Colorado Springs Business Journal, May 21, 2009; John Hazlehurst, “City of Colorado Springs Pays, U.S. Olympic Committee Stays,” Colorado Springs Business Journal, July 31, 2009; John Hazlehurst, “City of Colorado Springs Approves U.S. Olympic Committee Deal,” Colorado Springs Business Journal, August 11, 2009; “Council OKs funding to Keep USOC in Colo. Springs,” Associated Press, August 12, 2009; Daniel J. Chacon, “City to Make $38 million Commitment to USOC,” Colorado Springs Gazette, August 28, 2009; John C. Ensslin and Daniel Chacon, “LandCo Executives Indicted,” Colorado Springs Gazette, November 26, 2009.



 Starwood Hotels and Resorts (2009)

Key Sources: Richard Lee, “Starwood Hotels Books Room in Stamford,” Connecticut Post, November 18, 2009; Eric Gershon, “New ‘Star’ for State,” Hartford Courant, November 19, 2009; Alexander Soule, “Starwood to Stamford,” Fairfield County Business Journal, November 30, 2009; Christina S.N. Lewis, “Connecticut, Starwood Hit Bump,” Wall Street Journal, February 8, 2010; Alexander Soule, “Starwood Rumors Persist As State Works on Incentives,” Fairfield County Business Journal, March 8, 2010; Alexander Soule, “Starwood Incentive Deal Shatters Records,” Fairfield County Business Journal, April 5, 2010.

Royal Bank of Scotland (2005)

Key Sources: September 14, 2005 Press release from the office of Gov. Jodi Rell:; Ritu Kalra, “Banks’ Move May Bring Hundreds of Jobs to State,” Hartford Courant, September 15, 2005; Pam Dawkins, “RBS Plans $400M Stamford Office,” Connecticut Post, September 15, 2005; Eric Gershon, “A Royal Statement,” Hartford Courant, April 22, 2008; Ryan Doran, “The Village on the Eighth Floor,” Fairfield County Business Journal, April 28, 2008.



 Fisker electric car assembly plant (2009)

Key Sources: Andrew Eder, “State’s Auto Industry Plugs in to the Future,” Wilmington News Journal, October 28, 2009; Andrew Eder, “Fisker Places Del. At Birth of New Era in Auto Industry Plugs in to the Future,” Wilmington News Journal, November 1, 2009; Andrew Eder, “Del. Union Seeking New Life After GM,” Wilmington News Journal, December 21, 2009; Jonathan Starkey, "Fisker: No Misuse of Federal Loan," Wilmington News Journal, October 22, 2011.

AstraZeneca (1999)

Key Sources: Trif Alatzas, “Del., Pa. Compete for AstraZeneca Site,” Wilmington News Journal, January 12, 1999; Todd Spangler, “AstraZeneca Picks Delaware for New U.S. Headquarters,” Associated Press, April 29, 1999; Trif Alatzas, “AstraZeneca Picks Delaware,” Wilmington News Journal, April 30, 1999; Trif Alatzas, “Del. Went All Out for Company,” Wilmington News Journal, May 2, 1999; Seth Agulnick, “AstraZeneca Project Zips Along,” Wilmington News Journal, September 27, 2000; Aaron Nathan and Eric Ruth, “AstraZeneca Cuts Jobs Despite Help from State,” Wilmington News Journal, March 3, 2010.



Washington Nationals (2006)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Robert E. Pierre, “Williams Announces Union Deal on Stadium,” Washington Post, June 17, 2005; Lori Montgomery and Thomas Heath, “At Long Last, a D.C. Stadium Deal,” Washington Post, March 8, 2006; Daniel LeDuc, “Labor Leaders Defend Site Hiring Practices,” Washington Post, December 13, 2007; Daniel LeDuc, “Stadium Project Falling Short of City’s Ambitious Hiring Goals,” Washington Post, February 24, 2008; Daniel LeDuc and David Nakamura, “Nationals Withhold Rent on Ballpark,” Washington Post, July 11, 2008; Aaron C. Davis, “Team to Pay City $3.5 Million in Rent Settlement,” Washington Post, October 19, 2008; Tim Lemke, “Ballpark’s Final Tag: $693 million,” Washington Times, January 7, 2009; Dana Hedgpeth and David Nakamura, “At Nationals Park, District of Dreams Hits a Slump,” Washington Post, April 12, 2009; Robert McCartney, “Development around Nats Park Isn’t Living up to its Pitch,” Washington Post, July 1, 2010.

 Gallery Place (1999)

Key Sources: Good Jobs First, Economic Development in Washington, DC (2002;; Maryann Haggerty, “A TIF Over Building Funds,” Washington Post, October 9, 1999; Kenneth Bredemeier and Maryann Haggerty,” Housing, retail Set for Gallery Place,” Washington Post, December 8, 1999; Kenneth Bredemeier, “Groundbreaking Deal on Wages?” Washington Post, December 10, 1999; Jackie Spinner, “Financing Holds Up Gallery Place Project,” Washington Post, October 4, 2000;  Jackie Spinner, “Gallery Place Office Tower Sought,” Washington Post, November 22, 2000;  Jackie Spinner, “District Can’t Sell Bonds for Big Projects,” Washington Post, November 12, 2001; Neil Irwin, “Gallery Place Project Gains Funding,” Washington Post, May 6, 2002.



Scripps Research Institute (2003)

Key Sources: Mike Branom, “Palm Beach County Approves $200 million in Bonds to Lure Biotech Firm,” Associated Press, October 14, 2003; Jerry W. Jackson and Barry Flynn, “$500 Million Plan to Attract Biotech Facility Spurs Debate,” Orlando Sentinel, October 19, 2003; Eric Ernst, “Florida’s answer to economic stimulus lies closer to home than Calif.,” Sarasota Herald-Tribune, November 11, 2003; Tony Doris, “Scripps Florida: How the Deal Was Done,” Palm Beach Post, June 27, 2004; Kris Hundley, “In a Flash, Scripps, Palm Beach Agree,” St. Petersburg Times, May 3, 2006; Andy Reid, “Scripps Florida’s Own Site Officially ‘Open for Business,’” South Florida Sun-Sentinel, February 25, 2009; The Florida Senate, Interim Report 2009-107, October 2008, accessed from; Palm Beach County, Florida Annual Financial Audit Report, Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2009, accessed from; Andy Reid, “Biotech Blunder at Mecca Farms Keeps Costing Palm Beach County Taxpayers,” South Florida Sun-Sentinel, November 6, 2010.  

Florida Marlins (2008)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Tim Reynolds, “Marlins’ Success Sparking Renewed Talks of New Ballpark,” Associated Press, October 18, 2003; “Proposed $325 Million Ballpark Would House ‘Miami Marlins,’” Miami Herald, October 30, 2003; Charles Elmore, “City, County Approval Clears Way for Marlins Stadium,” Palm Beach Post, February 22, 2008; Juan C. Rodriguez, “Judge’s Ruling Paves Way for New Marlins Ballpark to Be Built,” South Florida Sun-Sentinel, November 22, 2008; Charles Rabin and Matthew Haggman, “Marlins Win It,” Miami Herald, March 24, 2009; Sarah Talalay, “Marlins Making a Profit, Financial Records Reveal,” Sun-Sentinel, August 24, 2010; Andres Viglucci and Patricia Mazzei, "Miami May Have to Pay Property Taxes on Marlins Stadium Garages," Miami Herald, November 21, 2011; Charles Rabin et al., "Feds Open SEC Probe Into Miami Marlins Stadium Deal," Miami Herald, December 2, 2011.

Jabil Circuit (2008)

Key Sources: Sharon L. Bond, “Suitors line up to buy sod farm,” St. Petersburg Times, April 7, 2001; James Thorner, “Jabil land earmarked for new HQ,” St. Petersburg Times, November 18, 2006; Cristina Silva, “St. Petersburg’s secrecy stirs up critics,” St. Petersburg Times, July 4, 2008; Letter from David S. Goodwin, Director of St. Petersburg Economic Development Department to Kim Walker, Brownfields Liaison, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, January 5, 2009 (; “Jabil Circuit to cut 3,000 jobs worldwide,” The Associated Press, January 28, 2009; “Jabil asks to delay new headquarters,” St. Petersburg Times, February 19, 2009; Robert Trigaux, “Jabil reacts to critical report,” St. Petersburg Times, July 1, 2010; Michael Van Sickler, “St. Petersburg’s end run spoiled again,” St. Petersburg Times, September 2, 2010.



Kia auto assembly plant (2006)

Key Sources: Walter Woods, “Georgia Wins Kia Plant,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 13, 2006; Walter Woods, “$160,000 Per Job to Land Kia,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 14, 2006; Michael E. Kanell, “Kia Will Deliver Ripple Effect,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, March 19, 2006; Michael E. Kanell, “43,000 Seeks Jobs at New Kia Plant,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 12, 2008; David Markiewicz, “Santa Fe to Be Built in Georgia,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 1, 2010; Chuck Williams, “Kia Revs Up Second Shift to Produce Sorentos,” Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, October 2, 2010; Tony Adams, "West Point Kia Finishes Hiring Nearly 1,000 Workers at Plant," Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, June 3, 2011.  

NCR (2009)

Key Sources: Chuck Williams, “Columbus Draws ATM Plant with 875 Jobs, $42 million Annual payroll with Aggressive Incentives,” Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, June 2, 2009; D.L. Bennett, “Incentives Help Georgia Land NCR,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 3, 2009; Renee DeGross Valdes, “NCR Plant Lifts Columbus Spirits,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 5, 2009; Jim Tharpe, “How Ga. Courted a Fortune 500 Firm,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 7, 2009; Carrier Teegardin, “Job-Lure Cost Rises, Deemed Worth It,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 7, 2009; Leon Stafford, “Grants Helped to Lure NCR,” Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 12, 2009; Chuck Williams, “Biden: Columbus Can’t Get Stimulus Money for NCR,” Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, July 16, 2009; Chuck Williams, “Gov. Sonny Perdue Tells Joe Biden He’s Wrong about Columbus and NCR,” Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, July 29, 2009; Chuck Williams, “Columbus Denied $5.5M from Stimulus for NCR,” Columbus Ledger-Enquirer, August 16, 2009. Arielle Kass, “NCR expects to save money with HQ move”, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 12, 2015



Lost (2006-2009)

Key Sources: Wayne Harada and Sean Hao, “Could Hawai’i Lose ‘Lost,’” Honolulu Advertiser, January 27, 2005; Sean Hao, “No Word Yet on ‘Lost’ Tax Credits” Honolulu Advertiser, February 5, 2005; Michael Tsai, “’Lost’ Will Stay in Hawai’i for Now,’” Honolulu Advertiser, March 1, 2005; Todd Longwell, “Land of the ‘Lost,’” Hollywood Reporter, June 3, 2009; Sean Hao, “TV's 'Lost' spent $228M in 4 years, The Honolulu Advertiser, April 28, 2010. 

Ko Olina aquarium (2003)

Key Sources: Andrew Gomes, “Ko Olina Project Seeks Tax Incentive,” Honolulu Advertiser, May 13, 2002; Johnny Brannon, “Ko Olina Tax Break Vetoed,” Honolulu Advertiser, June 25, 2002; Gordon Pang, “Governor OKs $75M Ko Olina Tax Credits,” Honolulu Advertiser, May 29, 2003; Jim Dooley, “Senator Sees No Conflict in Many Ties to Ko Olina,” Honolulu Advertiser, March 4, 2004; Andrew Gomes, “Aquarium Tax Credits at Risk,” Honolulu Advertiser, February 7, 2006; Andrew Gomes, “Ko Olina Says It Doesn’t Need Aquarium After All,” Honolulu Advertiser, January 18, 2007; Andrew Gomes, “Credits Got Used, But No Aquarium,” Honolulu Advertiser, April 8, 2008.  



 Micron Technology (2005)

Key Sources: Joe Estrella, “Micron Plans to Expand—Maybe in Boise,” Idaho Statesman, January 14, 2005; Joe Estrella and Greg Hahn, “Micron Tells Legislators It Needs Tax Breaks,” Idaho Statesman, February 24, 2005; Wayne Hoffman, “Senate Passes Micron Incentive Tax Break Bill; Despite Worries, Lawmakers Send Bill to Governor,” Idaho Statesman, March 25, 2005; Robb Hicken, “Still A Sound Policy? Idaho Legislature to Examine Incentives for Drawing Business to State,” Idaho Business Review, July 23, 2007.

Areva  (2008)

Key Sources: John Miller, “French Firm Talks to ID, Others About Uranium Enrichment Plant,” Associated Press, January 31, 2008; Paul Menser, “Nuclear Firms Eyes Bonneville County,” Idaho Falls Post Register, February 1, 2008; Phil Davidson, “Energy Facility Bills Pass,” Idaho Falls Post Register, March 6, 2008; Phil Davidson, “Areva to Idaho Falls: ‘Oui!’” Idaho Falls Post Register, May 7, 2008; John Miller, “Idaho Continues Nuclear Legacy with Uranium Enrichment Plant,” Lewiston Morning Tribune, May 7, 2008. 



Diamond-Star Motors (1985); Mitsubishi (2011)

Key Sources: Jeff McCourt and Greg LeRoy, A Better Deal for Illinois: Improving Economic Development Policy (Good Jobs First, 2003;; Matt O’Connor, “Did Illinois Mortgage Future for Auto Plant?” Chicago Tribune, October 13, 1985; Brian Bremner and Barbara Marsh, “The False Promise of Diamond-Star,” Crain’s Chicago Business, April 13, 1987; Brian Bremner, “I Pulled Out a Road Map and Showed Him Rte. 51,” Crain’s Chicago Business, June 6, 1988; Bob Holliday, “Assessments Reduced by $1.43 Million,” Bloomington Pantagraph, April 29, 2000; Dave McKinney, "Aided by $29M Tax Break, Mitsubishi to Make SUV," Chicago Sun-Times, February 5, 2011.

Sears headquarters (1989)

Key Sources: Jeff McCourt and Greg LeRoy, A Better Deal for Illinois: Improving Economic Development Policy (Good Jobs First, 2003;; Merrill Goozner, “Sears Picks Hoffman Estates,” Chicago Tribune, June 26, 1989; Merrill Goozner, “The Package that Landed Sears,” Chicago Tribune, June 27, 1989; Mark Hornung, “TIFs for the Rich,” Crain’s Chicago Business, July 3, 1989; Wilma Randle and Blair Kamin, “Black Workers Questions Sears’ Motive in Move,” Chicago Tribune, July 3, 1989; Sue Ellen Christian and Flynn McRoberts, “Sears’ Suburban Experiment Set to Begin,” Chicago Tribune, August 2, 1992; Mike Comerford and Joseph Ryan, “Sears Layoffs Start in Hoffman Estates,” Chicago Daily Herald, April 27, 2005; Sandra M. Jones and Julie Wernau, "State Scrambling to Retain Sears HQ," Chicago Tribune, May 10, 2011; Kathy Bergen and Dan Hinkel, "Sears' Tax Breaks Pit Town Against Schools," Chicago Tribune, October 13, 2011; Dan Hinkel and Melissa Harris, "Bad Bet Spurs Sears' Tax Break Push," Chicago Tribune, November 20, 2011; Kathy Bergen, "New Deal on Sears, CME," Chicago Tribune, December 9, 2011.

Boeing headquarters (2001)

Key Sources: Jeff McCourt and Greg LeRoy, A Better Deal for Illinois: Improving Economic Development Policy (Good Jobs First, 2003;; Dave McKinney, “State Cuts Taxes to Lure Boeing,” Chicago Sun-Times, April 20, 2001; John Schmeltzer, “Chicago Snags Boeing,” Chicago Tribune, May 11, 2001; Dennis Conrad, “Value of State Government’s Boeing Package Hard to Pinpoint,” Associated Press, May 11, 2001; David Roeder, “Boeing Not Here for the Money,” Chicago Sun-Times, June 1, 2001;  Ralph Martire, “Boeing Gained in Move Here, but Did We?” Chicago Sun-Times, June 9, 2001.



Indianapolis Colts (2005)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; John Fritze, “Stadium Plan Falls $48 Million Short,” The Indianapolis Star, June 2, 2005; Brendan O’Shaughnessy, “City, Costs, Agree on 30-Year Lease,” The Indianapolis Star, August 31,2005; Michele McNeil, “State Approves Stadium Deal with Indianapolis and Colts,” The Indianapolis Star, September 9, 2005;  “Steel, Other Costs Up for New Colts Stadium,” Associated Press, June 26, 2007; Robert Annis, “Irsay on CIB: A Deal is a Deal,” The Indianapolis Star, April 27, 2009; Tim Logan, “Indianapolis Offers Insight on Building New Stadium,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 15, 2010.

United Airlines (1991)

Key Sources: Karl Oxnevad, “United Airlines Signs Pact for Indiana Plant,” The Bond Buyer, November 22, 1991; Doug Sword, “City, State Expect United to Pay for Unmet Goals,” Indianapolis Star, October 5, 2001; Jennifer Wagner, “United to Pay City and State $31.1 Million,” Indianapolis Star, May 16, 2002; Jennifer Wagner, “Airline Could Owe $100 Million Penalty,” Indianapolis Star, October 23, 2002; Chris O’Malley, “City, State Make Claim on United,” Indianapolis Star, May 10, 2003.

Eli Lilly (1999)

Key Sources: Doug Sword, “$50 million Proposed for Research,” Indianapolis Star, January 13, 1999; John Kelly, “Two GOP Senators Call on Governor to Convene a Special Session,” Associated Press, May 3, 1999; “Lilly Unveils Long-Term Growth Plans,” PR Newswire, July 16, 1999; Matt Slagle, “Lilly Announces Economic Development Plan,” Associated Press, July 16, 1999. 



Google Server Farm (2007)

Key Sources: Virgil Larson and Elizabeth Ahlin, “Google Thinking Big, With Eye on 1,000 More Acres,” Omaha World-Herald, June 20, 2007; Eller Donnelle, “Council Bluffs to Seek Incentives for Google,” Des Moines Register, October 6, 2007; Tom Shaw, Google Seeks Tax Benefits,” Omaha World-Herald, October 6, 2007; Eller Donnelle, “Rockwell, Google, Others Seeks State Tax Breaks,” Des Moines Register, November 10, 2007; Jason Kuiper, “$1 Billion Impact by Google?” Omaha World-Herald, December 8, 2008.

IBM (2009)

Key Sources: Eileen Mozinski, “Dubuque woos IBM, which plans to hire hundreds – at an average pay of $45,000,” Dubuque Telegraph Herald, January 15, 2009; Eileen Mozinski, “What’s the cost?” Dubuque Telegraph Herald, January 15, 2009; Dave DeWitte, “IBM bringing 1,300 jobs to Dubuque,” The Gazette, January 16, 2009; Eileen Mozinski, “IBM incentives OK’d,” Dubuque Telegraph Herald, February 20, 2009; “Week in Review: IBM’s Dubuque hiring hits grand total,” Dubuque Telegraph Herald, July 18, 2010; Eileen Mozinski, “IBM Receives Extension to Meet 1,300-Job Goal,” Dubuque Telegraph Herald, June 17, 2011.

Orascom Construction Industries (2012)

Jeff Hunt, “County OKs request for $1.3B plant,” The Hawk Eye (Burlington, Iowa), February 22, 2012. Mike Wiser, “Fertilizer plant sets record for tax breaks,” The Quad-City Times, September 6, 2012. Mike Wiser, “Iowa counties compete for development,” The Quad-City Times, July 22, 2012. Mike Wiser and Kurt Erickson, “Illinois claims they never wanted Orascom project,” Muscatine Journal (Iowa), September 13, 2012.



Boeing (2003) and Spirit Aerosystems (2005)

Key Sources: Steve Painter, “Boeing Wichita Lands State Bonds,” Wichita Eagle, May 22, 2003; “Boeing: $500 Million Bond Not Factor in Decision,” Associated Press, November 21, 2003; Molly McMillin, “Boeing Seals Deal,” Wichita Eagle, February 23, 2005; Carrie Rengers, “Tax Breaks Likely for Onex,” Wichita Eagle, February 24, 2005; Steve Painter, “State Bonds will Give Spirit A Lift,” Wichita Eagle, October 19, 2005; Molly McMillin, “Spirit Work on New Airbus Jet Will be Done in North Carolina,” Wichita Eagle, May 13, 2008; Deb Gruver, “County OKs $1.6 Million to Spirit,” Wichita Eagle, September 11, 2008.

Kansas City Wizards and Cerner Corp. (2009)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Yael T. Abouhalkah, “County Must Protect Public in Wizards Deal,” Kansas City Star, September 14, 2006; Kevin Collison, “Wizards Select a Developer,” Kansas City Star, April 12, 2007; Kevin Collison and Lynn Horsley, “Wyandotte Moves Ahead on Wizards Stadium,” Kansas City Star, September 10, 2009; Kevin Collison, “Kansas Offers STAR Bonds for Wizards and Cerner Corp. Project at Village West,” Kansas City Star, October 16, 2009.



Ford Motor (2007 and 2008)

Key Sources: John Stamper, “State Reduces Incentives to Ford,” Lexington Herald Leader, November 28, 2007; Jere Downs, “Ford Gets $180 Million in Tax Breaks,” Louisville Courier-Journal, October 31, 2008; Brent Adams, “Ford Gets More State Incentives to Boost Investment in Louisville,” Business First of Louisville, November 3, 2008; Jere Downs, “Ford Offers Another Buyout to UAW Employees,” Louisville Courier-Journal, December 22, 2009; Chris Otts, “Ford Fighting Jefferson County Property Tax Bill,” Louisville Courier-Journal, May 22, 2010; Chris Otts, “Ford Wins Jefferson Co. Case, Saves Nearly $1M,” Louisville Courier-Journal, September 24, 2010; Jere Downs, "Louisville Ford Plant to get $500M Overhaul," Louisville Courier-Journal, December 9, 2010.

UPS (1998 and 2006)

Key Sources: Robert Schoenberger, “UPS Expansion: Frankfort OKs $31.6 million in Tax Breaks,” Louisville Courier-Journal, May 18, 2006; “UPS’ Tax Benefits: $31 million,” Lexington Herald Leader, May 18, 2006; Gregory A. Hall, “UPS Deal to Expand Took Only 53 Days,” Louisville Courier-Journal, May 21, 2006; Marcus Green, “UPS Plans Move to Renaissance Zone,” Louisville Courier-Journal, September 20, 2006; Brent Adams,” Airport Authority Moves Set Stage for UPS Expansion at Louisville International,” Business First of Louisville, September 20, 2006.   



Nucor (2010)

Key Sources: Jen DeGregorio and Jaquetta White, “Another Steel Firm Considers St. James,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, May 16, 2008; Robert Travis Scott, “Firm Ready to Build St. James Iron Plant,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, August 9, 2008; Ed Anderson, “GO Bonds Set Aside for Nucor,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, July 23, 2010; “Nucor Selects St. James Parish, Louisiana, for Iron Making Facility,” Nucor press release dated September 15, 2010; Matt Scallan, “St. James Relaxes, Rejoices After Hearing the News,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, September 16, 2010; Michelle Millhollon, “Jindal: Nucor Coming to La.,” Baton Rouge Advocate, September 16, 2010; Robert Travis Scott, “Nucor Bonds Move Forward: State Official Details Incentives for Plant,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, September 17, 2010.

V-Vehicle (2009)

Key Sources: Alan Sayre, “Startup Company Given Positive Marks,” Associated Press, June 18, 2009; Gary Perilloux, “Officials Say Deal Shields Taxpayer,” Baton Rouge Advocate, June 19, 2009; Robbie Evans, “Parish Wants Conditions Met Before Delivering Tax Dollars,” Monroe News-Star, July 21, 2009; Robert Travis Scott, “Feds Deny Loan to La. Car Startup,” New Orleans Time-Picayune, March 25, 2010; Greg Hilburn, "Next Autoworks Pulls Plug on Project," Monroe News-Star, November 24, 2011.



Bath Iron Works (1997)

Key Sources: Jeff Smith,” “BIW Seeks State Help to Finance Expansion,” Portland Press Herald, January 25, 1997; Jeff Smith,” “BIW Unveils $307 million Expansion Plan,” Portland Press Herald, February 26, 1997; Dennis Hoey, “BIW Tax Break Concept May Face Lengthy Talks,” Portland Press Herald, March 6, 1997; Dennis Hoey, “Councilors Unanimously Approve Tax Break for BIW to Modernize,” Portland Press Herald, April 9, 1997; Jeff Smith, “Should BIW Get Another Tax Break?” Portland Press Herald, April 27, 1997; Paul Carrier, “Legislature Authorizes Tax Breaks for BIW,” Portland Press Herald, June 1, 1997; Paul Carrier, “BIW Spent Big to Receive Tax Breaks,” Portland Press Herald, August 13, 1997; Dennis Hoey, “Lawsuit Against BIW Challenges TIF Legality,” Portland Press Herald, September 20, 1997; Dean Lunt, “Union-Made, in Maine, By Mainers,” Portland Press Herald, March 29, 1998; Dennis Hoey, “Tax Break Foes Give Up BIW Fight,” Portland Press Herald, October 1, 1998; “Tax Breaks for BIW Upheld,” Portland Press Herald, November 24, 1998.

National Semiconductor (1995)

Key Sources: Tess Nacelewicz, “Firm Wins Approval of Tax Plan,” Portland Press Herald, October 17, 1995; Evan Halper, “The TIF Race is On,” Maine Times, May 9, 1996; Edward D. Murphy, “Group Says Tax Breaks Not Paying Off in Jobs,” Portland Press Herald, December 17, 1999; Allan Drury, “Good Business, or Corporate Welfare?” Portland Press Herald, April 29, 2001; Matt Wickenheiser, “National to Invest in Plant, Hire 100,” Portland Press Herald, January 16, 2004; Trevor Maxwell, "National Semiconductor to Get TIF Deal Extension," Portland Press Herald, July 7, 2011.



Baltimore Orioles  (1992) and Baltimore Ravens (1996)

Key Sources:  Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Jason LaCanfora, “O’s May Open ’96 Books to $6M Loss,” Baltimore Sun, November 20, 1996; Hanah Cho, “Stadium Crews Get Raise,” Baltimore Sun, September 7, 2007; Sara Marsh, “Ravens Stadium Deal Disputed,” The Capital (Annapolis), July 22, 2001.

 Marriott International (1999)

Key Sources: Kevin L. McQuaid, “Marriott Looks Into New Office in Maryland or Northern Va.,” Baltimore Sun, December 12, 1998; Kevin L. McQuaid, “Marriott Offered $35 million to Say in Md.,” Baltimore Sun, January 14, 1999; “Marriott Seeks Aid to Remain in Md.,” Baltimore Sun, January 22, 1999; “State Offers Record Deal to Marriott,” Baltimore Sun, February 2, 1999; Thomas W. Waldron and Jay Hancock, “Hotel Chain Stirs Anger,” Baltimore Sun, February 25, 1999; Timothy B. Wheeler and Jay Hancock, “Marriott Decides to Remain in Va.,” Baltimore Sun, March 12, 1999; Scott Wilson, “Marriott Takes Deal to Stay in Maryland,” Washington Post, March 12, 1999; Jay Hancock, “Marriott Used Va. As Ruse to Raise Md. Bid,” Baltimore Sun, March 27, 1999; Jay Hancock, “Md. Signs off on $9 million in Welfare for Poor Marriott,” Baltimore Sun, January 28, 2007.



Bristol-Myers Squibb (2006)

Key Sources: Karen Nugent, “Drug giant plans Devens plant; $1.1B facility would offer high-paying jobs,” Worcester Telegram & Gazette, June 2, 2006; Kirk Boutselis, “Devens board OKs permit for Bristol-Myers,” The Lowell Sun, October 26, 2006; Tom Spoth, “ ‘A Very, Very Good Day’ “, The Lowell Sun, May 3, 2007; Lisa Edelbecker, “Bristol-Myers sets sights on Devens approval; Drugmaker seeks FDA endorsement to bring production to new plant,” Worcester Telegram & Gazette, February 21, 2010.

Shire Pharmaceuticals (2008)

Key Sources:  Scott Van Voorhis, “Shire Seeks State $,” Boston Herald, June 12, 2007; Todd Wallack, “$40.5m in Incentives Pledged to Keep Drug Firm’s Plans on Track,” Boston Globe, December 21, 2007; “British Drugmaker Shire to Expand in Massachusetts, Add 680 jobs,” Associated Press, February 14, 2008; “MLSC Awards $25M in Tax Incentives to Mass. Life Sciences Firms,” Mass High Tech: The Journal of New England Technology, December 24, 2009.

Evergreen Solar (2007)

Key Sources: Kevin Keenan, “$150M Solar Plant to be Built in Westboro,” Worcester Telegram & Gazette, April 18, 2007; Megan Woolhouse, “State Lands Solar-Panel Factory,” Boston Globe, April 18, 2007; Martin Luttrell, “Solar Factory Goes to Devens,” Worcester Telegram & Gazette, June 30, 2007; Sacha Pfeiffer, “Evergreen Solar to Double Plant’s Size, Add 350 Jobs,” Boston Globe, April 7, 2008; Erin Ailworth, “Evergreen Shifts Work to China,” Boston Globe, November 5, 2009; Martin Luttrell and John J. Monahan,” Evergreen Work is Moving to China,” Worcester Telegram & Gazette, November 6, 2009; Erin Ailworth, “Despite Job Loss, State OK with Evergreen Loan,” Boston Globe, November 10, 2009; Todd Wallack, "Plant Will Shut After $58m in State Aid," Boston Globe, January 12, 2011; Todd Wallack, "Evergreen Will Repay  $3m of its State Aid," Boston Globe, January 19, 2011.



Advanced battery producers (2009 and 2010)

Key Sources: Christine Tierney, “Granholm Signs Bill Offering Credits to Attract Battery Makers,” Detroit News, January 15, 2009; “State Expands Incentive Program for Car Batteries,” Grand Rapids Press, April 7, 2009; Karen Bouffard, “$300M in Tax Credits to Spur New Jobs,” Detroit News, April 15, 2009; “Michigan Enacts Legislation Expanding Tax Incentives for Battery Manufacturers,” BNA Daily Tax Report, May 14, 2009; Chris Christoff, “Tax Breaks Granted for Wixom Plant,” Detroit Free Press, October 7, 2009; Mark Hornbeck, “$187M in Tax Credits OK’d,” Detroit News, October 28, 2009; “Fortu Powercell Lands $100M in Tax Credits,” Grand Rapids Press, December 18, 2009; Brent Snavely, “Good News for Michigan,” Detroit Free Press, January 12, 2010; “Manufacturers of Green Batteries, Chemicals Eligible for Michigan Renewable Energy Zones, BNA Daily Tax Report, May 25, 2010; Amy Lane, “The Right Spark: For Good or Ill, Battery Tax Credits Could Convert to Cash,” Crain’s Detroit Business, August 9, 2010.

Hemlock Semiconductor (2008)

Key Sources: Mike Thompson, “Hemlock Semiconductor Wins Tax Break from City,” Saginaw News, June 28, 2005; Eric Morath, “Hemlock Semiconductor Plans $1 Billion Growth in Michigan,” Detroit News, May 2, 2007; Mark Hornbeck and Gary Heinlein, “State Woos Tech Company with $357M Tax Credit,” Detroit News, May 5, 2008; Katherine Yung, “Silicon Firm to Add Plant in Tennessee,” Detroit Free Press, December 16, 2008.



Target (1998)

Key Sources: Sally Apgar, “Target Proposal Could be Facing Quiver of Arrows,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, August 17, 1996; Janet Moore, “Despite Controversy, Target Still Wants Downtown Store,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, June 25, 1998; Dave Beal, “Target of Controversy,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, September 27, 1998; Kevin Diaz, “Minnesota Supreme Court Lets City’s Target Store Deal Stand,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, November 3, 1998; Melissa Levy, “Finance Package for Target Store Approved,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, January 1, 1999; Rochelle Olson, “More Money OK’d for Target Site,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, September 30, 2000; Mike Meyers, “The $62 million Target,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, June 10, 2001; Mike Kaszuba, “30,000 Jobs, City Center Part of Big Target Plan,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, March 7, 2006; Mike Kaszuba, “Brooklyn Park Grants Target Concessions,” Minneapolis Star Tribune, July 2, 2006.

Minnesota Twins (2006)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Jim Caple, “Twins Wants a New Playground,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, March 9, 1995; Virginia Rybin and Aron Kahn, “Deal: Twins Sales, $325M Ballpark,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, August 3, 1999; Virginia Rybin, “Stadium Strikes Out with St. Paul Voters,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, November 3, 1999; Dane Smith, “Why the Sudden Urge for Stadiums?” Minneapolis Star Tribune, April 30, 2006; Aaron Kahn, “Decade-long Stadium Logjam Finally Broken,” Saint Paul Pioneer Press, May 22, 2006.



 Nissan auto assembly plant (2000)

Key Sources: Emily Wagster and Patrice Sawyer, “State’s Incentive Package: $295M,” Jackson Clarion-Ledger, November 7, 2000; Emily Wagster, “Nissan In Mississippi,” Jackson Clarion-Ledger, November 10, 2000; Gina Holland, “Mississippi Incentives Package Include Nissan Travel,” Associated Press, December 15, 2000; David Firestone, “Black Families Resist Mississippi Land Push,” New York Times, September 10, 2001; Josee Valcourt, “Spending $363.5 Million,” Jackson Clarion-Ledger, December 21, 2003; Natalie Chandler, “Nissan in Mississippi Five Years Later,” Jackson Clarion-Ledger, May 25, 2008.

Toyota auto assembly plant (2007)

Key Sources: Micheline Maynard, “Toyota to Build $1.3 Billion Plant in the Land of Elvis and Honey,” New York Times, February 28, 2007; Laura Hipp, “Toyota Mississippi: Was It A Good Deal?” Jackson Clarion-Ledger, March 1, 2007;  Dan Strump and Tom Krisher, “Toyota to Restart US Auto Plant, Draws UAW Ire,” Associated Press, June 18, 2010.



 Ford Motor (2010)

Key Sources: Jason Noble, “Missouri Lawmakers Put Priority on Attracting Another Auto Line to Claycomo Plant,” Kansas City Star, December 15, 2009; Jason Noble, “Nixon Pushes Ford Claycomo Tax Incentives,” Kansas City Star, June 15, 2010; Tony Messenger, “Ford Tax Incentives Bill Held Up by Missouri Legislator,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 2, 2010; Tony Messenger, “GOP Leader Removes Critic of Ford Bill,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 13, 2010; Jason Noble, “Missouri Governor Today Will Sign Bill for $150 Million in Automaker Tax Breaks,” Kansas City Star, July 15, 2010; Randolph Heaster, "Ford Gets Tax Breaks to Upgrade Claycomo," Kansas City Star, January 18, 2011.

Express Scripts (2005 and 2009)

Key Sources: Eric Heisler and Judith Vandewater, “States Scurry to Land Express Scripts,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 10, 2005; Eric Heisler, “Subsidies Were Key to Keeping Firm Here,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 9, 2005; Tim Bryant, “Express Scripts Gets State Bait,” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, October 21, 2009; Kelsey Volkmann, “County Considers $63 million in Bonds for Express Scripts Expansion,” St. Louis Business Journal, November 12, 2010; Kelsey Volkmann, "Express Scripts' $70M Expansion Gets $10M in Incentives," St. Louis Business Journal, December 17, 2010.



 Wells Fargo (2001)

Key Sources: Tom Howard, “Wages, Work Ethic Key to Wells Fargo Decision,” Billings Gazette, May 8, 2001; Becky Shay, “Wells Fargo Lays Off Loan-Processing Workers,” Billings Gazette, November 3, 2007; Becky Shay, “Wells Fargo Trims Staff for Loan Servicing,” Billings Gazette, February 29, 2008; “Wells Fargo to Lay Off Operation Center Workers,” Associated Press, August 7, 2009.

Cabela’s (2008)

Key Sources: Minutes of the Regular Meeting of the Billings City Council, August 11, 2008, accessed from; Jan Falstad, “City tries to sell unrated bonds for Town Square,” Billings Gazette, October 10, 2008; Minutes of the Regular Meeting of the Billings City Council, October 14, 2008, accessed from; “Billings outdoor store to hire 200,” Associated Press, January 29, 2009.



 ConAgra (1987)

Key Sources: Dennis Farney, “Nebraska, Hungry for Jobs, Grants Big Business big Tax Breaks Despite Charges of ‘Blackmail,’” Wall Street Journal, June 23, 1987; Scott Bauer, “Records: 78 Projects get Property Tax Breaks,” Associated Press, August 26, 2002; Scott Bauer, “Big Business Not Taxed on $732 million of Property,” Associated Press, January 27, 2003; Scott Bauer, “Thirty-one Companies in Nebraska Get Property Tax Breaks,” Associated Press, October 6, 2005; Greg LeRoy, Great American Jobs Scam (2005), pp.43-46; Henry J. Cordes, “LB775 Primed State’s Pump of Prosperity,” Omaha World-Herald, December 2, 2007.

Tyson Foods

Key Sources: Mark Kawar, “Tyson Plant Will Add Efficiency, Not Jobs,” Omaha World Herald, December 4, 2003; Joe Ruff, “Norfolk, West Point Plants to Close,” Omaha World Herald, February 16, 2006; Steve Jordan, “Closings May Trigger Audit,” Omaha World Herald, February 18, 2006; Nate Jenkins, “Senator Seeks $2 million after Tyson Closing,” Lincoln Journal Star, March 2, 2006; Art Hovey, “West Point Regroups in Wake of Tyson Closing,” Lincoln Journal Star, April 16, 2006.



Cabela’s (2007)

Key Sources: “Cabela’s plans retail store in Reno,” Associated Press, March 16, 2005; Janine Kearney, “Reno Cabela’s looks to invigorate the outdoors market,” Daily Sparks Tribune, January 28, 2008; “Reno to ask Nevada high court to mediate dispute,” Associated Press, September 14, 2009; Dennis Myers, "STAR Bonds are Under Fire in Nevada," Reno News & Review, April 2, 2009; Brian Duggan, "Sales Taxes for STAR Bond Payments Falling Short at Cabela's in Reno," Reno Gazette-Journal, August 24, 2011.

General Motors (2001)

Key Sources: Susan Voyles, “GM Plant Offered Tax Exemption,” Reno Gazette-Journal, December 12, 2001; Bill O’Driscoll, “GM Enticed to Stay in Washoe Co.,” Reno Gazette-Journal, December 13, 2001; “General Motors Celebrates Its New Distribution Center,” Reno Gazette-Journal, February 26, 2005. 



Cabela’s (2006)

Key Sources: Matthew Call, “Cabela’s Aims for NH,” Manchester Union Leader, January 18, 2006; “Hooksett Considers Tax Zone for Cabela’s,” Manchester Union Leader, March 10, 2006; Matthew Call, “Without Tax Zone, Cabela’s Says, It Will Drop Hooksett Proposal,” Manchester Union Leader, April 2, 2006; Matthew Call, “Tax District Passes,” Manchester Union Leader, May 10, 2006; Lisa Arsenault, “Hooksett: $18 million Bond Clears Store’s Path,” Concord Monitor, May 10, 2006; Stephen Beale, “Hooksett Wants Cabela’s Guarantee,” Manchester Union Leader, October 26, 2006; Lisa Arsenault, “What’s the Holdup?” Concord Monitor, May 13, 2007; Greta Cuyler, “Hooksett Says Yes to Cabela’s” Manchester Union Leader, October 24, 2007; “One that Got Away” (editorial), Manchester Union Leader, November 23, 2008.

Fraser Papers (2008)

Key Sources: “$1 Million Grant for N.H. Biomass Burner Project,” Associated Press, June 22, 2008; Lauren R. Dorgan, “State Steps in to Aid Gorham Mill,” Concord Monitor, August 8, 2008; Lorna Colquhoun, “Last Operating Mill in North to Remain Open,” Manchester Union Leader, May 26, 2010; Ray Duckler, “Paper Mill Secures Buyer,” Concord Monitor, November 5, 2010.



Goldman Sachs (2002)

Key Sources: Richard Newman, “Next Stop: Jersey City,” The Record, January 29, 2002; Tom Johnson, “Goldman Reduces Number of Jobs Headed to Jersey,” Newark Star-Ledger, December 13, 2002; “$ky $craper Deal,” Jersey Journal, June 29, 2007; “Goldman Sachs Gets Tax Break to Build Again in Jersey City,” Associated Press, July 19, 2007.

Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation (2009)

Key Sources: “New Jersey EDA Rushes Today’s Vote on Millions in Tax Breaks for Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation,” New Jersey Policy Perspective press release dated October 13, 2009,; Lisa Fleisher, “Wall St. Firm Enticed into Moving to N.J.,” Newark Star-Ledger, October 14, 2009; “1,600 Finance Jobs Coming to Jersey City,” Jersey Journal, October 14, 2009; Andrew Kitchenman, “EDA Approves $14.6 million to Bring DTCC to Jersey City,” NJBIZ, November 16, 2009.



Intel (1993)

Key Sources: “Intel Announces $1 Billion Expansion of its New Mexico Microchip Factory,” Business Wire, April 1, 1993; SouthWest Organizing Project, Intel Inside New Mexico: A Case Study of Environmental and Economic Injustice (1995); Michelle Levander, “Intel Sparks a Backlash,” San Jose Mercury News, May 8, 1994; Rebecca Smith, “Why Intel Jilted the Golden State,” San Jose Mercury News, July 20, 1994; Paul Logan, “Sandoval OKs Intel Bond,” Albuquerque Journal, September 22, 1995; Aaron Baca, “Intel Story Triggers Debate Over ‘Corporate Welfare,’” Albuquerque Journal, November 6, 1998; Joshua Akers, “Intel Asks Sandoval for $16 Billion Bond Deal,” Albuquerque Journal, August 13, 2004.

Philips Semiconductor (1995 and 2000)

Key Sources: Dale Chaney, “Philips’ Boom to Add 400 Jobs,” Albuquerque Journal, February 17, 1995; Shonda Novak, “Activist Group Wants City to Take Closer Look at Philips Bond Issue,” Albuquerque Journal, July 17, 1995; Chuck McCutcheon, “Philips’ $200 million in Bonds OK’d,” Albuquerque Journal, July 18, 1995; Aaron Baca and Olivier Uyttebrouck, “Philips to Seek $400 million Bond Deal,” Rick A. Maese, “Proposed Philips Bond Draws Protesters,” Albuquerque Journal, June 9, 2000; Dan McKay, “City Council Approves $400 million Bond Deal,” Albuquerque Journal, August 8, 2000; Shea Andersen, “Philips Axes Plant, 600 Jobs,” Albuquerque Tribune, November 8, 2002; Charles D. Brunt, “Critics Blast Industrial Bond Policies,” Albuquerque Journal, November 15, 2002; Jim Ludwick, “Philips to Repay Tax Break,” Albuquerque Journal, August 22, 2003; Dan Mayfield, “Philips Plant Deal Fails,” Albuquerque Journal, December 19, 2003.

Forest City Covington/Mesa del Sol (2007)

Key Sources: Tim Archuleta, “Big Plans for Mesa del Sol,” Albuquerque Tribune, May 1, 1996; John Hill, “13,000-Acre Town Within City is Closer to Reality,” Albuquerque Tribune, September 26, 1997; Valerie Santillanes, “Commission OKs Mesa del Sol Plan,” Albuquerque Journal, March 12, 1999; Diane Velasco, “State Picks Cleveland-Based Developer for Mesa del Sol,” Albuquerque Journal, May 8, 2002; Andrew Webb, “Funding for Mesa del Sol Debated,” Albuquerque Journal, December 10, 2006; Peter Rice, “Mesa del Sol Seeks Tax Revenues,” Albuquerque Tribune, December 16, 2006; Peter Rice, “City Approves Special Tax District,” Albuquerque Tribune, December 19, 2006; Andrew Webb, “Council OKs Mesa del Sol Tax Shift,” Albuquerque Journal, January 11, 2007; Andrew Webb, “Mesa del Sol Tax Use OK’d,” Albuquerque Journal, January 30, 2007; Richard Metcalf, “Forest on the Mesa,” Albuquerque Journal, September 29, 2008; Jeff Jones, “SunCal TIDD Vote Stuns Supporters,” Albuquerque Journal, March 22, 2009.



AMD/GlobalFoundries (2006)

Key Sources: Eric Anderson and Kenneth C. Crowe II, “$1B Lure Forms for Chip Fab Site,” (Albany) Times Union, June 2, 2006; Eric Anderson and James M. Odato, “Hefty Price Tag, But Chip Fab No Sure Thing,” (Albany) Times Union, June 7, 2006; Larry Rulison, “AMD Chip Plant Deal was Years in the Making,” (Albany) Times Union, July 13, 2006; Larry Rulison, “AMD’s Long and Winding Road to Malta,” (Albany) Times Union, September 18, 2006; Larry Rulison, “State Leaders not Rushing to Finalize AMD Deal,” (Albany) Times Union, October 21, 2006; Eric Anderson, “All Sides Air Views About $650 million for AMD,” (Albany) Times Union, November 7, 2006; Larry Rulison, “AMD Looked at 14 Sites for Computer Chip Fab,” (Albany) Times Union, January 26, 2007; James M. Odato, “AMD Deal Needs Vote,” (Albany) Times Union, October 12, 2008; Larry Rulison, “Chip Fab’s Grant OK’d,” (Albany) Times Union, December 18, 2008;  James M. Odato, “Deal Includes Union Pay,” (Albany) Times Union, June 3, 2009; Larry Rulison, “As Costs Rose, So Did Incentives,” (Albany) Times Union, July 18, 2009; Good Jobs First, Growing Pennsylvania’s High-Tech Economy, pp. 62-65 (2010;; James M. Odato, “Chip Fab Asks State for $300M More,” (Albany) Times Union, March 26, 2010; Larry Rulison, “Assessment Too High, Says GlobalFoundries,” (Albany) Times Union, July 30, 2010; Larry Rulison, “State Aims to Seize Luther Forest Site,” (Albany) Times Union, October 23, 2010; Larry Rulison, "GlobalFoundries Seeks Tax Breaks," (Albany) Times Union, May 6, 2011; James M. Odato, "Cuomo Balks at Cash for Second Plant Fab," (Albany) Times Union, June 30, 2011; Larry Rulison and Sarah Hinman Ryan, "GlobalFoundries: All Expenses Paid," (Albany) Times Union, October 9, 2011; Larry Rulison, "State's Big Payout, Big Risk," (Albany) Times Union, October 9, 2011.

IBM (2000 and 2008)

Key Sources: James M. Odato, “IBM plans $2.5B chip plant,” (Albany) Times Union, October 11, 2000; Joe Maloney, “IBM to Get $475M in Tax Breaks for New Plant in East Fishkill,” New York Daily News, October 11, 2000; Keri P. Mattox, “Plant Opens Door to Future,” (Albany) Times Union, October 15, 2000; James M. Odato, “A Sweet IBM Deal; $1.6B Expansion Could Create New Jobs Upstate,” (Albany) Times Union, July 15, 2008; Christine Young, “Does Giving Big Green to Big Blue Pay Off?” (Albany) Times Union, July 27, 2008; George Spohr, “After Deal to Retain Jobs, IBM Opts to Cut Pay,” (Albany) Times Union, August 7, 2008; Jack Lyne, “IBM’s Big New York Compute: $1.5B Investment, 1,000 Jobs,” Site Selection Online Insider, August 2008;

Goldman Sachs (2005)

Key Sources: Charles V. Bagli, “Goldman Asks for Grants Downtown,” New York Times, December 12, 2003; Charles V. Bagli, “Despite Its Jersey Tower, Goldman Commits to One in Lower Manhattan,” New York Times, April 17, 2004; David W. Chen and Charles V. Bagli, “Goldman Plans At Ground Zero in Doubt,” New York Times, April 5, 2005; David Seifman, “City, State Bigs Woo Goldman,” New York Post, April 6, 2005; Charles V. Bagli and Jennifer Steinhauer, “How Plan for a Tunnel Turned Goldman Against Downtown,” New York Times, May 10, 2005; Jennifer Steinhauer, “Goldman Sachs Decides to Stay at Ground Zero,” New York Times, August 11, 2005; Patrick McGeehan, “Officials Defend Actions to Keep Goldman Sachs Downtown,” New York Times, August 12, 2005; Charles V. Bagli, “Board Clears Deal for Tower Downtown,” New York Times, August 24, 2005; Good Jobs New York:

New York Yankees and New York Mets (2006, 2007 and 2009)

Key Sources: Alec Magnet, “State Agency Approves Ballparks,” New York Sun, January 19, 2006; Frank Lombardi, “Pols OK $2B for Stadiums,” New York Daily News, April 27, 2006; Juan Gonzalez, “Should Call It the House that Tax Subsidies Built,” New York Daily News, October 22, 2008; Richard Sandomir, “City Approves $370.9 Million to Complete Yankee Stadium,” New York Times, January 17, 2009; Good Jobs New York:; Field of Schemes:; Dan Steinberg,  “A Financial Debacle for Yankee Stadium’s Parking Garages,” Clawback blog, September 28, 2010;



 Dell (2004)

Key Sources: Matt Harrington, David Rice, Victoria Cherrie and Richard Craver, “County Competes for Dell,” Winston-Salem Journal, June 15, 2004; Michael Hewlett, “City, County Dislike, But Go Along with Incentives,” Winston-Salem Journal, June 28, 2004; Michael Hewlett, “Attracting Dell May Call for Big Incentive Deal,” Winston-Salem Journal, July 8, 2004; Dan Kane, “Millions OK’d to Lure Dell,” (Raleigh) News & Observer, November 5, 2004; J. Andrew Curliss, “Dell’s Deal with N.C. Draws Flak,” (Raleigh) News & Observer, December 5, 2004; Amy Martinez, “Dell Picks Triad City,” (Raleigh) News & Observer, December 23, 2004; David Rice, “Dell Pressed to Avoid 20 Years of N.C. Taxes,” Winston-Salem Journal, January 19, 2005; Richard M. Barron and Eric Dyer, “Dell was Tough from Beginning,” (Greensboro) News & Record, January 23, 2005; David Rice, “Suit Challenges State, Local Aid for Dell Plant,” Winston-Salem Journal, June 24, 2005; Sue Stock, “Computer Maker Dell to Close N.C. Plant, Lay Off 905 Workers,” Charlotte Observer, October 8, 2009; Richard Carver, “Dell Says It Will Pay Back Local Incentives,” Winston-Salem Journal, October 23, 2009; James Romoser, “Dell Balks at Tax Credits,” Winston-Salem Journal, December 5, 2009; Richard Carver and Wes Young, “Dell Finally Pulls Plug,” Winston-Salem Journal, September 11, 2010; Good Jobs First, Growing Pennsylvania’s High-Tech Economy, pp. 48-55 (2010;

Google (2007)

Key Sources: Good Jobs First, Growing Pennsylvania’s High-Tech Economy, pp. 55-62 (2010;; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google May Get Lures to Lenoir,” News & Observer, December 29, 2006; Jonathan B. Cox, “Lenoir Gets Google, At a Cost,” News & Observer, January 20, 2007; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google Muscled N.C. Officials” News & Observer, February 1, 2007; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google Could Cost $260 Million,” News & Observer, February 8, 2007; Jen Aronoff, Christopher D. Kirkpatrick and Victoria Cherrie, “No Promises in Google Deal,” Charlotte Observer, February 9, 2007; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google Deal’s Details Show Flaws,” News & Observer, February 11, 2007; Christopher D. Kirkpatrick and Victoria Cherrie, “Perks Easy for Google,” Charlotte Observer, February 16, 2007; Victoria Cherrie, Christopher D. Kirkpatrick and Jen Aronoff, “Documents Show Google Negotiations,” Charlotte Observer, February 20, 2007; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google was ‘Opportunity of a Lifetime,’” News & Observer, March 8, 2007; Nanette Byrnes, “The High Cost of Wooing Google,” Business Week, July 23, 2007; Dudley Price, “Google Hit by Lawsuit,” News & Observer, July 26, 2007; Jonathan B. Cox, “Google Gives Back State Grant,” News & Observer, December 5, 2008.



 LM Glasfiber (LM Wind Power) (1998)

Key Sources: Matt Cory, “Danish Manufacturer Gearing Up Plant in Grand Forks,” Grand Forks Herald, June 19, 1999; Tu-Uyen Tran, “Council OKs LM Lease,” Grand Forks Herald, March 7, 2006; Tu-Uyen Tran, “LM Glasfiber to Expand,” Grand Forks Herald, July 21, 2006; “Glasfiber Work Force in GF Reduced,” Bismarck Tribune, December 16, 2009; Associated Press, "OSHA Proposes Fine Against ND Wind Blade Company," April 25, 2011.

Gold Energy/U.S. Bioenergy (2006)

Key Sources: “State Board Approves Tax Exemption for Ethanol Plant,” Associated Press, February 2, 2006; “Ethanol Factory to be Built in Hankinson,” Associated Press, March 16, 2006; Mikkel Pates, “BioHankinson,” Agweek, March 21, 2006; “N.D. Ethanol Plant Sold,” Bismarck Tribune, October 3, 2009.



Goodyear Tire & Rubber (2007)

Key Sources: Frank Bentayou and Henry J. Gomez, “Plan Floated for New Goodyear HQ,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, April 12, 2007; Jim Mackinnon, “Goodyear Wants Upgrade,” Akron Beacon Journal, April 12, 2007; Frank Bentayou, “Goodyear Offered Millions to Stay Put,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, December 4, 2007; Phil Trexler and Rick Armon, “Goodyear Plan Gets Green Lights,” Akron Beacon Journal, December 11, 2007; “Goodyear Project Gets Grant,” Akron Beacon Journal, November 14, 2008; Rick Armon and Stephanie Warsmith, “Developer Needs Aids to Build Goodyear Complex,” Akron Beacon Journal, March 2, 2009; Rick Armon, “Summit Approves Goodyear Financing,” Akron Beacon Journal, March 17, 2009; Stephanie Warsmith, “Akron OKs Goodyear Deal,” Akron Beacon Journal, March 24, 2009; Rick Armon, “County Sets Aside Bonds for Project,” Akron Beacon Journal, June 29, 2010.

Amylin Pharmaceuticals (2005)

Key Sources: Good Jobs First, Growing Pennsylvania’s High-Tech Economy, pp. 66-71 (2010;; Jennifer Edwards, “Drug Maker Setting Up in West Chester,” Cincinnati Enquirer, December 22, 2005; Lisa Cornwell, “Governor, Pharmaceutical Company Announced Manufacturing Expansion,” Associated Press, May 3, 2007; Matt Cunningham, “West Chester Biotech Firm Building Packaging Plant,” Dayton Daily News, May 3, 2007; Mike Boyer, “Diabetes Drug Maker Expanding, Adding Jobs,” Cincinnati Enquirer, May 3, 2007; James Pilcher, “Amylin Tax Deal Criticized as Too Sweet,” Cincinnati Enquirer, January 18, 2010.



Goodyear Tire & Rubber (2002 and 2010)

Key Sources: Lisa Tatum, “Tax Vote Approved for Plant,” Daily Oklahoman, January 11, 2002; Marie Price, “House Passes Tax Credits for Tire Manufacturers,” Journal Record, February 20, 2002; Bob Doucette, “Lawton Area Officials Hope for Economic Boost from New Sales Tax,” Daily Oklahoman, March 14, 2002; John Greiner and Jack Money, “Legislature OKs Incentives for Expansion of Tire Plants,” Daily Oklahoman, May 23, 2002; John Greiner, “State’s Top Court OKs Bond Issues for 2 Tire Plants,” Daily Oklahoman, April 7, 2004; Jim Stafford, “Lawton Tire Plant Rewarded,” The Oklahoman, September 17, 2004; Michael McNutt, “State OKs Bonds for Lawton Plant,” The Oklahoman, August 27, 2010.

Nanjing Automobile Group (2006)

Key Sources: John Dobberstein, “Oklahoma on map after MG plant deal: Attracting a Chinese carmaker is an economic ‘tipping point’,” The Tulsa World, July 15, 2006; Michael McNutt, “State rolls out funds to assist automaker,” The Oklahoman, July 29, 2006; Janice Francis-Smith, “OK uses new Opportunity Fund on MG,” Journal Record Legislative Report (Oklahoma City), July 31, 2006; Jon Griffin, “ ‘Crisis-hit’ Nanjing seeks pounds 119m loan; Longbridge’s buyer is in trouble, reports in China claim,” Birmingham Evening Mail, March 21, 2007; Randy Krehbiel, “Flaws are seen in tax credit programs,” The Tulsa World, May 17, 2010.



Intel (1999)

Key Sources: Elisa Williams, “Intel Wants Tax Break for Investment in Oregon Chip Plants,” The Oregonian, January 26, 1999; Don Hamilton, “Weighing Trade-Offs of Intel’s Tax Break,” The Oregonian, March 19, 1999; Sam Howe Verhovek, “Fighting Sprawl, a County Gets Intel to Limit Jobs,” New York Times, June 9, 1999; Don Hamilton and Elisa Williams, “Washington County, Ore., Approves Intel Tax Break,” The Oregonian, June 16, 1999; Don Hamilton, “Citizen Intel,” The Oregonian, July 16, 2000; Ryan Frank and Ted Sickinger, “Washington County Leaders Vote to Do Away with Intel Impact Fee,” August 20, 2003; Mike Rogoway, “Leaders Extend Intel Tax Breaks,” The Oregonian, May 18, 2005.

 LSI Logic (1995)

Key Sources: Jim Barnett, “LSI Logic Wants to Build Big in Gresham,” The Oregonian, June 20, 1995; Jim Barnett and Kara Briggs, “Tax Break Potential Lures Huge LSI Project,” The Oregonian, July 18, 1995; Kara Briggs, “Multnomah Board Backs Tax Break for LSI,” The Oregonian, August 4, 1995; Jim Barnett, “LSI Brings 600 More Jobs to Gresham,” The Oregonian, September 22, 1995; Ted Sickinger, “Governments Conclude LSI Incentives a Success,” The Oregonian, September 27, 2000; Ted Sickinger, “Chip-Maker LSI Logic to Reduce Jobs at Gresham Facility,” The Oregonian, January 17, 2002; Ted Sickinger, “Oregon’s Tax Incentives for Semiconductor Maker in the Spotlight,” The Oregonian, October 30, 2003; Mike Rogoway and Catherine Trevison, “ON Semi Gives Old LSI Site New Life,” The Oregonian, April 7, 2006; Quinton Smith, “ON Semiconductor to Receive Tax Break,” The Oregonian, May 29, 2010.



 Kvaerner Philadelphia Shipyard (1997)

Key Sources: Nathan Gorenstein, “Deal in Works to Reopen Navy Yard,” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 28, 1997; Nathan Gorenstein, “Pact to Reopen Shipyard is Signed,” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 22, 1997; Paul Davies, “Jobs Priced Too High,” Philadelphia Daily News, October 23, 1997; Nathan Gorenstein, “Shipyard Payback Pegged at 20 Years,” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 27, 1997; Nathan Gorenstein, “Deal to Revive Shipyard Officially Signed,” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 17, 1997; Nathan Gorenstein, “Unions Agree to Shipyard Contract,” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 4, 1998; Susan Warner, “Kvaerner Gets $75 million in Concessions,” Philadelphia Inquirer, July 31, 1999; Ken Dilanian and Henry J. Holcomb, “Audit Faults Shipyard Expenses,” Philadelphia Inquirer, August 10, 2000; Barry Yeoman, “Subsidies at Sea,” Mother Jones, May-June 2001; Linda Loyd, “Layoffs Planned for Aker Philadelphia Shipyard Employees,” Philadelphia Inquirer, June 25, 2010; Linda Loyd, "Pa. OKs $42 Million for Aker Shipyard," Philadelphia Inquirer, February 18, 2011.

 Westinghouse Electric (2006)

Key Sources: Ron DaParma, “Tax Incentives Designed to Entice Westinghouse,” Pittsburgh Tribune Review, November 2, 2006; Tom Barnes, “Rendell Signs Tax Abatement Bill,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 21, 2006; Dan Fitzpatrick, “Westinghouse Generates Tug-of-War by Allegheny, Butler Counties,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, December 13, 2006; Dan Fitzpatrick and Karen Kane, “Westinghouse Center Goes to Cranberry,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 21, 2007; Dan Reynolds, “Westinghouse the Latest to Lease New HQ Offices,” Pittsburgh Business Times, June 4, 2007; Dan Fitzpatrick and Karen Kane, “Westinghouse Decision a Win for State, Region,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 5, 2007; Mackenzie Carpenter, “Gov. Applauds Westinghouse for Adding Jobs,” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 7, 2010.



 Fidelity Investments (1995 onward)

Key Sources: Jerry Ackerman and Tina Cassidy, “Fidelity Cites Need for State Tax Relief,” Boston Globe, December 13, 1995; Scott MacKay and Jeffrey L. Hiday, “Mutual Fund Giant Picks Site in Smithfield,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, December 13, 1995; Bob Jagolinzer, “Town Council to Consider System of Payments to Take Place of Taxes,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, December 13, 1995; Bob Jagolinzer, “Tax Treaty Approved, Clears Way for Fidelity,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, February 29, 1996; Brian C. Jones, “Fidelity’s Investment in R.I. Grows,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, May 29, 1996; Lynn Arditi, “Fidelity to Use Some Nonunion Builders,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, November 7, 1996; Lynn Arditi, “Police Arrest 3 Protesters at Fidelity Construction Site,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, April 23, 1997; Lynn Arditi, “High Court Sides with Fidelity Against Unions,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, July 25, 1997; Jonathan Saltzman, Fidelity Vows to Expand, in ‘Leap of Faith,’” Providence Journal-Bulletin, June 4, 1999; “Governor Signs Law that Gives Tax Break to Some High-Paid Workers,” Associated Press, June 21, 2005; Andrea L. Stape, “Fidelity is Granted Sales-Tax Break for Building Renovations,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, March 1, 2006; Neil Downing, “Tax Deals Saved Companies $54.1 million,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, September 11, 2008; annual tax credit reports at

 CVS Caremark (1997 onward)

Key Sources:  Nora Lockwood Tooher, “CVS expansion to include 500 new jobs,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, December 17, 1997; Neil Downing, “Tax deals saved companies $54.1 million,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, September 11, 2008; Neil Downing, “Corporate tax break scrutinized,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, May 29, 2009; Neil Downing, “Business tax deals under scrutiny,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, September 13, 2009; Paul Grimaldi, “Firms reaped $40 million in R.I. tax breaks,” Providence Journal-Bulletin, August 18, 2010; Ted Nesi, “CVS got half of RI’s tax credits in ’10,” WPRI (Fox TV affiliate owned by Lin Television Corporation), August 17, 2010, accessed from; Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation, Business Incentives, accessed from; State of Rhode Island, Division of Taxation, Department of Revenue, Reports, accessed from



 Boeing (2009) and Vought Aircraft Industries (2004)

Key Sources: John P. McDermott, “Boeing Supplier Look at Lowcountry,” Post and Courier, August 10, 2004; John P. McDermott, “Airplane Plant to Land in Charleston,” Post and Courier, November 30, 2004; Jim DuPlessis, “How S.C. Landed Vought,” The State, December 5, 2004; Jim DuPlessis, “S.C. Dangles Incentives for Aircraft Makers,” The State, December 15, 2004; John P. McDermott, “Bond Financing OK’d for Aircraft Site,” Post and Courier, December 15, 2004; Yvonne Wenger and Katy Stech, “Boeing Lands Here,” Post and Courier, October 29, 2009; Andrew Shain, “How the Boeing Deal was Done,” The State, November 2, 2009; Kathy Stech and David Slade, “Boeing’s Whopping Incentives,” Post and Courier, January 17, 2010; Katy Stech, “Boeing Package Signed,” Post and Courier, February 4, 2010.

BMW (1992)

Key Sources: Chuck Carroll, “S.C. House Fine-Tunes Incentives for BMW,” Spartanburg Herald-Journal, April 23, 1992; Richard Greer, “UAW Ready to Fight for BMW Plants,” Atlanta Journal and Constitution, July 25, 1992; Ted Evanoff, “Auto-Plant Incentives: S.C. First with the Most,” Memphis Commercial Appeal, October 25, 1992; John P. McDermott, “BMW Incentives Deal Ready to Roll,” Post and Courier, December 3, 2003; Jenny Munro, “BMW Hiring Temporary Workers,” Greenville News, November 1, 2006; Jenny Munro, “Contingency Jobs Give BMW, Suppliers Temporary Solution to Labor Needs,” Greenville News, July 25, 2010; Jenny Munro, “BMW to Hire 600 More Contingency Workers at Greer Plant,” Greenville News, October 5, 2010.; Woody White, "BMW Plans $100 Million Expansion at Greer Plant," Greenville News, March 1, 2011.  



 Northern Beef Packers (2006)

Key Sources: Scott Waltman, “Backers of Beef to Seek Tax Help,” Aberdeen American News, August 18, 2006; Scott Waltman, “Commission OKs Beef Plant TIF,” Aberdeen American News, November 1, 2006; Scott Waltman, “Behind the Proposed Beef Plant,” Aberdeen American News, April 15, 2007; “Beef Plant Behind on Property Taxes,” Associated Press, August 10, 2009; “State Board Approved $5M Loan for Beef Plant,” Aberdeen American News, February 5, 2010;  “Aberdeen Beef Plant Resolving Liens,” Associated Press, August 26, 2010; Scott Waltman, "Brown County Commission Approves TIF Amendments for Beef Plant," Aberdeen American News, November 23, 2011.

John Morrell & Co. (2005)

Key Sources: Megan Myers, “John Morrell Plans $100M Expansion,” Sioux Falls Argus Leader, September 3, 2005; “No Movement on Morrell’s Expansion Plans,” Associated Press, July 14, 2006; Kevin Dobbs, “Smithfield Deal Threatens Morrell Plant, Expert Says,” Sioux Falls Argus Leader, April 22, 2007; Jonnie Tate Finn, “Morrell Project Eases Fears,” Sioux Falls Argus Leader, December 27, 2007; Steve Young, “John Morrell Lays Off Workers, Cuts Hog Production in Sioux Falls,” Sioux Falls Argus Leader, July 17, 2009.



Volkswagen (2008)

Key Sources: Andy Sher & Dave Flessner, “VW Incentives Could Top $400 million Over 20 Years,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, July 16, 2008;  Andy Sher & Dave Flessner, “VW Incentives Largest in State,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, July 24, 2008; Mike Pare & Dave Flessner, “VW Incentives, Investment Records in State,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, August 30, 2008; Andy Sher, “Labor Group Criticizes VW Over Hiring,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, April 11, 2010; G. Chambers Williams, "UAW Southern Strategy Centers on Volkswagen," Chattanooga Times Free Press, August 1, 2011. Walter F. Roche, “Tennessee offered incentives tied to VW vote,” The Tennessean, April 2, 2015. Steven Greenhouse, “VW to Allow Labor Groups to Represent Workers at Chattanooga Plant,” The New York Times, November 12, 2014.

Hemlock Semiconductor (2008) and Wacker Chemie (2009)

Key Sources: G. Chambers Williams III, “Clarksville Plant Heralds Green Future,” The Tennessean, December 15, 2008; Jimmy Settle, “State, Local Governments Pony Up with Incentives,” Clarksville Leaf-Chronicle, December 16, 2008; Randall Higgins, “1,2,3 – billion,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, February 27, 2009; Erik Schelzig, “Tenn. Offer to Offset Carbon tax Credited in Deals,” Associated Press, February 28, 2009; “Wacker Chemical Finds a New Home,” Chattanooga Times Free Press, February 28, 2009. 



Samsung Electronics (1996 and 2005)

Key Sources: “Council Approves 40 percent Abatement for Samsung,” Austin American-Statesman, April 26, 1996; Dave Harmon, “County Sanctions Samsung Tax Break,” Austin American-Statesman, May 8, 1996; Kirk Ladendorf, “Samsung Pay Scale is Called Too Low,” Austin American-Statesman, October 23, 1996; Kirk Ladendorf, “Samsung Seeks State Aid, School Tax Breaks,” Austin American-Statesman, August 6, 2005; Kirk Ladendorf, “Samsung Incentives Win Austin’s OK,” Austin American-Statesman, August 19, 2005; Marty Toohey and Kirk Ladendorf, “Travis County Makes Offer to Samsung,” Austin American-Statesman, August 31, 2005;  Kirk Ladendorf, “Samsung Says ‘Yes’ to Austin Plant,” Austin American-Statesman, April 14, 2006; Texans for Public Justice, Austin’s Not-So-Smart Growth Subsidies (October 23, 2007;; Kate Alexander, “Report: City Reaps Less than it Sows with Incentives” Austin American-Statesman, October 23, 2007; Kirk Ladendorf, “Samsung is Upgrading Plant, Adding Workers,” Austin American-Statesman, June 10, 2010; Kirk Ladendorf, "Samsung Ready to Sue Travis County Over Appraisal Value, Millions in Taxes," Austin American-Statesman, August 17, 2011.

Toyota Motor (2003)

Key Sources: John Pletz, “New Toyota Factory is Windfall for Texas,” Austin American-Statesman, February 6, 2003; L.A. Lorek, “S.A. Offered Firm Lowest Incentives,” San Antonio Express-News, February 6, 2003; Greg Jefferson, “IT’s Official: Toyota, S.A. Seal Auto Plant Deal,” San Antonio Express-News, February 11, 2003; William Pack, “Incentives Method OK’d,” San Antonio Express-News, February 21, 2003; Tom Bower,” “Toyota Zone Created,” San Antonio Express-News, March 27, 2003; Josh David Morton, “Toyota Plant Poised to Drive Area’s Industrial Expansion,” San Antonio Business Journal, November 18, 2005; Sean M. Wood, “Toyota Tax Bill Resolved,” San Antonio Express-News, July 3, 2007; Guillermo X. Garcia, “Toyota abatement supported,” San Antonio Express-News, March 10, 2010.

Dallas Cowboys (2004)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Gil Lebreton, “Arlington Voters Can’t Say No to Cowboys,” Fort Worth Star Telegram, November 3, 2004; Jeff Mosier, “Arlington to Help Fund Cowboys Stadium,” Dallas Morning News, November 3, 2004; Jeff Mosier, “Personal Seat Licenses in Jones’ Game Plan,” Dallas Morning News, September 15, 2007; Andrea Ahles, “Where the $1.15 Billion for Cowboys Stadium Came From,” Fort Worth Star Telegram, June 4, 2009; Anthony Spangler, “Arlington’s Free Suite at Cowboys Stadium Raises Ethics Concerns,” Fort Worth Star Telegram, January 30, 2010.



Procter & Gamble (2007)

Key Sources:  Lisa Cornwell, “Jury Awards P&G $19.25 million in Lawsuit over Logo Rumors,” Associated Press, March 20, 2007; Lesley Mitchell, “Procter & Gamble to Build Facility in Tremonton Area,” Salt Lake Tribune, October 17, 2007; Bruce Wallace, “$85M Incentive is a Big Gamble,” Deseret Morning News, October 10, 1007; Steve Oberbeck, “State Makes Pitch for P&G,” Salt Lake Tribune, October 10, 2007; “Utah Governor to Dedicate Procter & Gamble Plant,” Associated Press, April 26, 2010.

Oracle (2008)

Key Sources: Brice Wallace, “Utah Offers Incentives for Oracle Data Center,” Deseret Morning News, May 17, 2008; Rosemary Winters, “West Jordan OKs Oracle Plan,” Salt Lake Tribune, July 23, 2008.



Skypoint Solar (2010)

Key resources: Nancy Remsen, “827 New Jobs Tied to Popular Tax Incentives,” Burlington Free Press, January 14, 2010; Nancy Remsen, “Tax Incentive Cap Raised to Help for 4 Vermont Firms,” Burlington Free Press, January 23, 2010; Bruce Edwards, “Skypoint Solar Inc. Plans $50 Million Project,” Rutland Herald, April 5, 2010.

Husky Injection Molding (1996)

Key Sources: Michael Farrell, “Husky Picks Vermont Site for Plastics Machine Plant,” Capital District Business Review, September 2, 1996; “Milton, Vermont Voters Approve Manufacturing Tax Break,” Dow Jones Capital Markets Report, June 4, 1997; Leslie Wright, “Husky Announces Plans for Expansion in Milton,” Burlington Free Press, March 13, 2003; Leslie Wright, “Husky Wins Incentives for Expansion,” Burlington Free Press, July 9, 2003; Lauren Ober, “Husky-Milton Marriage Works,” Burlington Free Press, May 8, 2007.



Volvo (1994 and 1999)

Key Sources: Michael Hardy, “Volvo Plant has Allen Tooting Horn, Richmond Times-Dispatch, April 30, 1994; Christopher Calnan, “State Began Grants to Volvo Plant in ’94,” Roanoke Times, January 14, 1999; Christopher Calnan, “Volvo Commits to Expansion,” Roanoke Times, April 13, 1999; Duncan Adams and Jeff Sturgeon, “Volvo to Lay Off At Least 650 Workers,” Roanoke Times, January 28, 2009.

Infineon Technologies/Qimonda (2000)

Key Sources: McGregor McCance, “Chip plant to add 1,100 jobs; Semiconductor plant to expand, change name,” Richmond Times Dispatch, December 20, 2000; McGregor McCance, “The chips fall for Infineon; Weak market delays new production at local site,” Richmond Times Dispatch, June 21, 2001; John Reid Blackwell, Nicole Johnson and Greg Edwards, “ ‘Time is right’ for Infineon project / $1 billion addition will add 800 jobs at plant in Henrico,” Richmond Times Dispatch, April 24, 2004; Jeffrey Kelley, “Virginia-based memory chip firms earns $546 million from initial public offering,” Richmond Times Dispatch, August 20, 2006; Emily C. Dooley, “No final paychecks from Qimonda; Laid-off workers will have to file claims with court to get money owed them,” Richmond Times Dispatch, February 28, 2009; Emily C. Dooley, “Ga. Firm plans to revive Qimonda site; New owner says it will refit Henrico building to house data centers,” Richmond Times Dispatch, April 8, 2010.



Boeing (2003)

Key Sources: David Postman, “Tax Breaks Could Save Boeing $3 billion,” Seattle Times, June 10, 2003; Edward Wong, “Boeing Wants to be Wooed., Or It Moves On,” New York Times, June 10, 2003; David Ammons, “Washington State Puts Out Its Welcome Mat for Boeing’s New Jet,” Associated Press, June 19, 2003; Drew DeSilver, “The $3.5 billion Sweetener the State has Offering Boeing,” November 16, 2003; Paul Nyhan and Phuong Cat, “$24 million More Sweetened Boeing Offer,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, December 18, 2003; David Bowermaster, “How Washington Won the Battle for the 7E7,” Seattle Times, December 21, 2003; David Ammons, “Washington’s Boeing Deal-Closer Includes State, Local Sweeteners,” Associated Press, January 21, 2004; Richard Roesler, “Boeing Deal Called ‘Corporate Welfare,’” Spokane Spokesman Review, January 22, 2004.

Seattle Mariners (1995) and Seattle Seahawks (1997)

Key Sources: Angelo Bruscas, “M’s Insist New Park Critical,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, October 19, 1994; Ellis E. Conklin and Kathy George, “M’s Owners Give 30-Day Reprieve on New Stadium,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, September 29, 1995; Rebecca Boren, “Allen Asks for Tax Help,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 16, 1996; David Schaefer, “Referendum 48: From Backer to Ballots, Stadium Vote is Unique,” Seattle Times, June 8, 1997; Ed Penhale, “Ballpark Overruns Hit $81 million More,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, July 21, 1998; Mike Lewis, “Taxpayers Off the Hook for Safeco Field,” Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 16, 2001.



Cabela’s (2003)

Key Sources:  George Hohmann, “Grant Funds Sought for Cabela’s,” Charleston Daily Mail, April 1, 2003; George Hohmann, “Cabela’s Committed to 740 Jobs,” Charleston Daily Mail, November 25, 2003; Paul Wilson, “What’s in store?” Charleston Gazette, February 8, 2004; “Cabela’s Business Park to Get 10 New Companies,” Charleston Daily Mail, March 2, 2005. Economic development agreement and other documents obtained through West Virginia Freedom of Information Act request and posted, with author unidentified, at

 Charleston Stamping and Manufacturing (2007)

Key Sources: George Hohmann, “Stamping Plant Plan a $35 million Leap of Faith,” Charleston Daily Mail, May 18, 2007; Joe Morris, “Pressing On: Stamping Plant’s Big Comeback Underway,” Charleston Gazette, May 20, 2007; George Hohmann, “Stamping Plant Gets Lower Rate,” Charleston Daily Mail, June 26, 2008; West Virginia Center on Budget & Policy, Money for Nothing: Do Business Subsidies Create Jobs or Leave Workers in Dire Straits? (2009;; George Hohmann, “Stamping Plant Still Looking for New Tenant,” Charleston Daily Mail, October 23, 2009.



Milwaukee Brewers (1995 and 1996)

Key Sources: Sports Facility Reports, Vol. 10, 2009 (; Andrew Cohen, “Cloud Hovers Over Opener,” Wisconsin State Journal, April 9, 1996; Kenneth Lamke, “Petak’s Defeat in Recall Election Puts Chill Over Ballpark Deal,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, June 6, 1996; Kenneth Lamke, “As Deals Go, Brewers’ is in Middle,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, August 11, 1996; Kenneth Lamke and Amy Rinard, “Audit Renews Debate About Miller Park Costs,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, June 19, 1999; Don Walker, “Brewers Owe $133 Million,” Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, May 7, 2004.

Mercury Marine (2009)

Key Sources: Rick Barrett, “Mercury Marine Seeks to Revise Labor Pact,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, July 28, 2009; Laurier Ritger, “Union Members ‘Overwhelmingly’ Reject New Offer,” Fond du Lac Reporter, August 24, 2009; Colleen Kottke, “Mercury Incentives Still on Table,” Fond du Lac Reporter, September 2, 2009; Rick Barrett, “Mercury Workers Accept Concessions,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, September 5, 2009; “Mercury Marine Incentive Package Explained,” Fond du Lac Reporter, September 9, 2009; Rick Barrett, “Mercury Deal Could Cost State $70 million,” Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, November 6, 2009; Jack Norman and Karen Royster, The Twisted Saga of Mercury Marine (Institute for Wisconsin’s Future, October 2009,; Roger Bybee, “Adding Insult to Injury: After Deep Union Concessions, Mercury Marine Execs Snag Bonuses,” Working in These Times blog, March 12, 2010, 



National Center for Atmospheric Research (2007)

Key Sources: Jessica Lowell, “Energy Helped Wyoming Land Supercomputer,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, January 28, 2007; Jessica Lowell, “Research Facility May Come with Price Tag for Wyoming,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, February 2, 2007; Jodi Rogstad, “Cheyenne Closer to Getting Computer,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, September 6, 2008; Michelle Dynes, “Supercomputer Moves Forward, At Last,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, March 4, 2009; Jodi Rogstad, “LEADS Seeks $4.5M Grant to Fulfill Pledge for Supercomputing NCAR Facility,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, February 17, 2010; Michelle Dynes, “Construction Starts on Supercomputer,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, June 16, 2010.

Lowe’s distribution center (2001)

Key Sources: Jessica Lowell, “Done Deal: Lowe’s to Build Warehouse in Cheyenne,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, January 17, 2001; Jessica Lowell, “Lowe’s, County At Odds,” Wyoming Tribune-Eagle, May 28, 2006.